An A-Z Index of Windows PowerShell commands

% Alias for ForEach-Object
? Alias for Where-Object
Get-Acl Get permission settings for a file or registry key.
Set-Acl Set permissions.
Active Directory Account, Computer, Group and User cmdlets.
Get-Alias gal Return alias names for Cmdlets.
Export-Alias epal Export currently defined aliases to a file.
Import-Alias ipal Import an alias list from a file.
New-Alias nal Create a new alias.
Set-Alias sal Create or change an alias.
Get-AppvClientPackage Return App-V Client Packages.
Get-AppxPackage List the app packages installed in a user profile.
Remove-AppxPackage Remove an app package from a user account.
Compress-Archive Create a new archive/zipped file. [PS 5+]
Expand-Archive Extract files from an archive (zipped) file [PS 5+]
Get-AuthenticodeSignature Get the signature object associated with a file.
Set-AuthenticodeSignature Place a signature in a .ps1 script or other file.
Backup-GPO Backup group policy objects. (GPOs)
Begin Function BEGIN block.
BITS Background Intelligent Transfer Service cmdlets.
Enable-BitLocker Enable encryption for a BitLocker volume.
Enable-BitLockerAutoUnlock Enable automatic unlocking for a BitLocker volume.
Resume-Bitlocker Resume Bitlocker encryption for the specified volume.
Suspend-BitLocker Suspend Bitlocker encryption for the specified volume.
Add-BitLockerKeyProtector Add a key protector for a BitLocker volume.
Remove-BitLockerKeyProtector Remove a key protector from a BitLocker volume.
Get-BitLockerVolume Get information about volumes BitLocker can protect.
Break Exit a program loop.
Catch Handle a terminating error within a scriptblock.
Export-Certificate Export a certificate from a certificate store into a file.
Get-Certificate Submit/retrieve a certificate request to an enrollment server and install.
Import-Certificate Import one or more certificates into a certificate store.
Set-Location cd/chdir/sl Set the current working location.
Get-ChildItem dir/ls/gci Get child items (contents of a folder or registry key).
Clear-Host clear/cls Clear the screen.
Clear-Item cli Remove content from a variable or an alias.
Get-CimAssociatedInstance Retrieve CIM instance by an association.
Get-CimClass gcls Get a list of CIM classes in a specific namespace.
Register-CimIndicationEvent Subscribe to indications using a filter or query expression.
New-CimInstance ncim Create a new instance of a class.
Get-CimInstance gcim Get a managed resource (storage, network, software etc).
Remove-CimInstance rcim Remove a CIM instance from a computer.
Set-CimInstance scim Modify a CIM instance on a CIM server.
Invoke-CimMethod icim Invoke a method of a CIM class or CIM instance.
Get-CimSession gcms Get current CIM session objects.
New-CimSession ncms Create a CIM session.
New-CimSessionOption Advanced options for New-CimSession.
Remove-CimSession rcms Remove one or more CIM session objects.
Get-Clipboard Get the current Windows clipboard entry.
Set-Clipboard Set the current Windows clipboard entry.
Get-Command gcm Retrieve basic information about a command.
Invoke-Command icm Run command.
Show-Command shcm Create PowerShell commands in a graphical command window.
Measure-Command Measure running time.
Trace-Command Trace an expression or command.
Add-Computer Add a computer to the domain.
Checkpoint-Computer Create a system restore point (XP)
Remove-Computer Remove the local computer from a workgroup or domain.
Rename-Computer Rename a computer.
Restart-Computer Restart the operating system on a computer.
Restore-Computer Restore the computer to a previous state.
Stop-Computer Stop (shut down) a computer.
Get-ComputerInfo Get system and operating system properties.
Reset-ComputerMachinePassword Reset the machine account password for the computer.
Test-ComputerSecureChannel Test and repair the secure channel to the domain.
Add-Content ac Add to the content of the item.
Get-Content cat/type/gc Get content from item (specific location).
Set-Content sc Set content in the item (specific location).
Clear-Content clc Remove content from a file/item.
Continue Skip just this iteration of a loop.
Enable-ComputerRestore Enable System Restore on a drive.
Disable-ComputerRestore Disable System Restore on a drive.
Get-ComputerRestorePoint Get the restore points on the local computer.
Test-Connection Ping one or more computers.
ConvertFrom-CSV Convert object properties (in CSV format) into CSV objects.
ConvertTo-CSV Convert .NET Framework objects into CSV variable-length strings.
ConvertFrom-Json Convert a JSON-formatted string to a custom object.
ConvertTo-Json Convert an object to a JSON-formatted string.
ConvertTo-Html Convert the input into an HTML table.
ConvertTo-Xml Convert the input into XML.
ConvertFrom-String cfs Extract and parse structured properties from a string.
ConvertFrom-StringData Convert a string containing key and value pairs into a hash table.
ConvertFrom-SecureString Convert a secure string into an encrypted standard string.
ConvertTo-SecureString Convert an encrypted standard string into a secure string.
Copy-Item copy/cp/ci Copy an item from a namespace location.
Export-Counter Export Performance Counter data to log files.
Get-Counter Get performance counter data.
Import-Counter Import performance counter log files.
Get-Credential Get a security credential (username/password).
Get-Culture Get region information (language and keyboard layout).
Set-Culture Set the user culture for the current user account.
Get-ChildItem Dir/ls/gci Get child items (contents of a folder or registry key).
Get-Date Get current date and time.
Set-Date Set system time on the host system.
Clear-Disk Remove all partition information and un-initialize a disk, erasing all data.
Get-Disk Get one or more disks visible to the OS.
Set-Disk Set attributes and update a physical disk.
Initialize-Disk Initialize a RAW disk for first use, this enables formatting.
Mount-DiskImage Mount a previously created disk image (virtual HD or ISO)
Remove-Item Del/erase/rd/rm/rmdir Delete an item.
Compare-Object diff/compare Compare the properties of objects.
Get-DnsClientCache Retrieve the content of the local DNS client cache.
Clear-DnsClientCache Clear the content of the DNS client cache.
Get-DnsClientServerAddress Get a DNS server IP address from the interface TCP/IP properties.
Set-DnsClientServerAddress Set a DNS server IP address on the interface TCP/IP properties.
Resolve-DnsName Perform a DNS name query resolution for a specified name.

Do Loop while a condition is True.
Get-DscConfiguration Get the current config. of a node.
Get-DscLocalConfigurationManager Get Local Config Manager settings.
Get-DscResource Get Desired State Config. resources from a computer.
New-DSCCheckSum Create checksum files for DSC docs/resources.
Start-DscConfiguration Apply Desired State config to nodes.
Write-Output echo Write an object to the pipeline.
End Function END block.
Get-Event Get events in the PowerShell event queue.
New-Event Create a new event.
Remove-Event Delete events from the event queue.
Unregister-Event Cancel an event subscription.
Wait-Event Wait until a particular event is raised.
Clear-EventLog Delete all entries from an event log.
Get-Eventlog Get event log data (2003).
Limit-EventLog Limit the size of the event log.
New-Eventlog Create a new event log and a new event source.
Remove-EventLog Delete an event log.
Show-EventLog Display an event log.
Write-EventLog Write an event to an event log.
Get-WinEvent Get event log data (Vista+).
Get-EventSubscriber Get event subscribers.
Register-EngineEvent Subscribe to PowerShell events.
Register-ObjectEvent Subscribe to .NET events.
Register-WmiEvent Subscribe to a WMI event.
Get-ExecutionPolicy Get the execution policy for the shell.
Set-ExecutionPolicy Change the execution policy (user preference).
Export-Alias epal Export currently defined aliases to a file.
Export-Clixml Produce a clixml representation of PowerShell objects.
Export-Console Export console configuration to a file.
Export-Csv epcsv Export to Comma Separated Values (spreadsheet).
Exit-PSSession Exit Exit PowerShell (or exit a script).
-F operator Format operator.
Unblock-File Unblock files downloaded from the Internet.
Get-FileHash Compute the hash value for a file.
ForEach-Object foreach Loop through each item in the pipeline ( % ).
ForEach Loop through each item in a collection.
ForEach method Loop through each item in a collection.
For Loop through items that match a condition.
Format-Custom fc Format output using a customized view.
Format-Hex fhx Display a file or other input as hexadecimal.
Format-List fl Format output as a list of properties, each on a new line.
Format-Table ft Format output as a table.
Format-Wide fw Format output as a table listing one property only.
Export-FormatData Save formatting data from the current session.
Get-FormatData Get the formatting data in the current session.
Get-Item gi Get a file/registry object (or any other namespace object).
Get-ChildItem dir/ls/gci Get child items (contents of a folder or registry key).
Backup-GPO Backup group policy objects (GPOs).
Restore-GPO Restore one or all GPOs from a GPO backup.
Import-GPO Import Group Policy settings into a specified GPO from a GPO backup.
Group-Object group Group objects that contain the same value.
New-Guid Create a GUID.
Get-Help help Open the help file.
Update-Help Download and install the newest help files on your computer.
Add-History Add entries to the session history.
Clear-History clhy Delete entries from the session history.
Get-History history/h/ghy Get a listing of the session history.
Invoke-History r/ihy Invoke a previously executed Cmdlet.
Get-Host Get host information (PowerShell Version and Region).
Clear-Host clear/cls Clear the screen.
Out-Host oh Send output to the host.
Read-Host Read a line of input from the host console.
Write-Host Write customized output to the host/screen.
Get-HotFix Get Installed hotfixes.
if Conditionally perform a command.
Invoke-CimMethod icim Invoke a method of a CIM class or CIM instance.
Import-Clixml Import a clixml file and rebuild the PS object.
Import-Csv ipcsv Take values from a CSV list and send objects down the pipeline.
Import-PfxCertificate Import certificates and keys from a Personal Information Exchange(PFX) file.
Write-Information Specify how PowerShell should handle information stream data.
Get-InitiatorPort Get one or more host bus adapter (HBA) initiator ports.
Install-Module Download and install one or more modules from an online gallery.
Install-Package Install one or more software packages.
Invoke-Command Run commands on local and remote computers.
Invoke-Expression iex Run a PowerShell expression.
Invoke-WebRequest Get content from a web page.
Invoke-RestMethod Send an HTTP or HTTPS request to a RESTful web service.
Get-NetIPAddress Get IPAddress configuration
Get-Item gi Get a file object or get a registry (or other namespace) object.
Invoke-Item ii Invoke an executable or open a file (START).
New-Item md/mkdir/ni Create a new item in a namespace.
Remove-Item rm/del/erase/rd/ri/rmdir Remove an item.
Set-Item si Change the value of an item.
Clear-ItemProperty clp Remove the property value from a property.
Copy-ItemProperty cpp Copy a property along with it's value.
Get-ItemProperty gp Retrieve the properties of an object.
Move-ItemProperty mp Move a property from one location to another.
New-ItemProperty Set a new property.
Remove-ItemProperty rp Remove a property and its value.
Rename-ItemProperty rnp Renames a property at its location.
Set-ItemProperty sp Set a property at the specified location to a specified value.
Get-ItemPropertyValue gpv Get the value for one or more properties of a specified item.
Get-Job gjb Get PowerShell background jobs that are running.
Receive-Job rcjb Get PowerShell background job results.
Remove-Job rjb Delete a PowerShell background job.
Resume-Job rujb Restart a suspended job.
Start-Job sajb Start a PowerShell background job.
Stop-Job spjb Stop a PowerShell background job.
Wait-Job wjb Wait for a background job.
Job Trigger cmdlets Get/Set Scheduled job triggers.
Stop-Process kill/spps Stop a running process.
Add-KdsRootKey Generate a new root key for the MS.Group KdsSvc within AD.
Update-List Add and remove items from a collection.
New-LocalUser Create a local user account.
Get-LocalGroup Get the local security groups.
Add-LocalGroupMember Add members to a local group.
Get-LocalGroupMember Get members from a local group.
Set-LocalUser Modify a local user account.
Get-Location pwd / gl Get and display the current location.
Pop-Location popd Set the current working location from the stack.
Push-Location pushd Push a location to the stack.
Set-Location cd/chdir/sl Set the current working location.
Send-MailMessage Send an email message.
Add-Member Add a member to an instance of a PowerShell object.
Get-Member gm Enumerate the properties of an object.
MessageBox Display a message box to the user
Find-Module Find modules from an online gallery.
Get-Module gmo Get the modules imported to the session.
Import-Module ipmo Add a module to the session.
Install-Module Download and install modules from an online repository.
New-Module nmo Create a new dynamic module (only in memory).
Remove-Module rmo Remove a module from the current session.
Save-Module Save a module locally without installing it.
Get-InstalledModule Get installed modules on a computer.
Uninstall-Module Uninstall a module.
Export-ModuleMember Export specific module members.
Move-Item mv/move/mi Move an item from one location to another.
Set-MpPreference Configure preferences for Windows Defender.
Get-NetAdapter Get the basic network adapter properties.
Set-NetAdapter Set the basic network adapter properties.
Disable-NetAdapterBinding Disable a binding to a network adapter.
Get-NetAdapterVmq Get the VMQ properties of a network adapter.
Set-NetAdapterVmq Set the VMQ properties of a network adapter.
Test-NetConnection Display diagnostic information for a connection.
Get-NetConnectionProfile Get a connection profile.
Set-NetConnectionProfile Set a connection profile.
Set-NetFirewallProfile Configure per-profile settings of Windows Firewall.
Enable-NetFirewallRule Enable a previously disabled firewall rule.
Set-NetFirewallRule Modify existing firewall rules.
Get-NetFirewallRule Retrieve firewall rules from the target computer.
New-NetFirewallRule Create a new firewall rule and add to a target computer.
Get-NetIPAddress Get IP address configuration.
New-NetIPAddress Create and configure an IP address.
Remove-NetIPAddress Remove an IP address and its configuration.
Set-NetIPAddress Modify the configuration of an IP address.
Get-NetIPConfiguration Get IP network configuration.
Get-NetIPInterface Get an IP interface.
Set-NetIPInterface Modify an IP interface.
New-NetLbfoTeam Create a new NIC team.
New-NetNat Create a NAT object.
New-NetRoute Create a route in the IP routing table.
Get-NetTCPConnection Get TCP connections.
Set-NetTCPSetting Modify a TCP setting.
Compare-Object diff/compare Compare the properties of objects.
Group-Object group Group objects that contain the same value.
Measure-Object Measure the properties of an object.
New-Object Create a new .Net object.
Select-Object select Select properties of objects.
Sort-Object sort Sort objects by property value.
Where-Object Filter the objects passed along the command pipeline.
Add-OdbcDsn Add an ODBC DSN.
Out-Default Set the destination of default output.
Out-File Send output to a file.
Out-GridView ogv Send output to an interactive table.
Out-Host oh Send output to the host.
Out-Null Send output to null.
Out-Printer lp Send the output to a printer.
Out-String Send objects to the host as strings.
Get-Package Return a list of all software packages installed using Package Management.
Find-Package Find software packages in available package sources.
Install-Package Install one or more software packages.
Uninstall-Package Uninstall one or more software packages.
Install-PackageProvider Install one or more Package Management package providers.
Param Script Parameters.
Get-Partition Return a list of partition objects.
New-Partition Create a new partition on an existing Disk object.
Resize-Partition Resize a partition and the underlying file system.
Set-Partition Set attributes of a partition: active, read-only, offline.
Convert-Path cvpa Convert a ps path to a provider path.
Join-Path Combine a path and one or more child-paths.
Resolve-Path rvpa Resolves the wildcards in a path.
Split-Path Return part of a path.
Test-Path Return true if the path exists, otherwise return false.
Pause Pause and display the message "Press Enter to continue..."
Invoke-Pester Invoke Pester to recursively run all tests.
Export-PfxCertificate Export a certificate or a PFXData object to a PFX file.
Get-PfxCertificate Get pfx certificate information.
Get-PhysicalDisk Retrieve a list of Physical Disk objects.
Remove-PhysicalDisk Remove a physical disk from a specified storage pool.
Set-PhysicalDisk Set attributes on a specific physical disk.
Get-PnpDevice Return information about PnP devices.
Pop-Location popd Set the current working location from the stack.
Push-Location pushd Push a location to the stack.
Powershell Launch a PowerShell session/run a script.
Add-Printer Add a printer to the specified computer.
Get-Printer Retrieve a list of printers installed on a computer.
Remove-Printer Remove a printer from the specified computer.
Set-Printer Update the configuration of an existing printer.
Add-PrinterDriver Install a printer driver on the computer.
Add-PrinterPort Install a printer port on the computer.
Get-PrintJob Retrieve a list of print jobs from the specified printer.
Process Function PROCESS block.
Get-Process ps/gps Get a list of processes on a machine.
Debug-Process Attach a debugger to a running process.
Start-Process start/saps Start one or more processes.
Stop-Process kill/spps Stop a running process.
Wait-Process Wait for a process to stop.
Enable-PSBreakpoint ebp Enable a breakpoint in the current console.
Disable-PSBreakpoint dbp Disable a breakpoint in the current console.
Get-PSBreakpoint gbp Get the currently set breakpoints.
Set-PSBreakpoint sbp Set a breakpoint on a line, command, or variable.
Remove-PSBreakpoint rbp Delete breakpoints from the current console.
Get-PSCallStack gcs Display the current call stack.
Get-PSDrive gdr Get drive information (DriveInfo).
New-PSDrive mount/ndr Create a mapped network drive.
Remove-PSDrive rdr Remove a provider/drive from its location.
Get-PSProvider Get information for the specified provider.
Set-PSdebug Turn script debugging on or off.
Disable-PSRemoting Disable remote session configuration on the local computer.
Enable-PSRemoting Configure the computer to receive remote commands.
Get-PSRepository Get PowerShell repositories.
Register-PSRepository Register a PowerShell repository.
Set-PSRepository Set values for a registered repository.
Connect-PSSession cnsn Reconnect to a disconnected session.
Disconnect-PSSession dnsn Disconnect from a session.
Enter-PSSession etsn Start an interactive session with a remote computer.
Exit-PSSession exsn End an interactive session with a remote computer.
Export-PSSession epsn Import commands and save them in a PowerShell module.
Get-PSSession gsn Get the PSSessions in the current session.
Import-PSSession ipsn Import commands from another session.
New-PSSession nsn Create a persistent connection to a local or remote computer.
Remove-PSSession rsn Close PowerShell sessions.
Disable-PSSessionConfiguration Disable session configurations on the local computer.
Enable-PSSessionConfiguration Enable session configurations on the local computer.
Get-PSSessionConfiguration Get the registered PS session configuration.
Register-PSSessionConfiguration Create and register a new PS session configuration.
Set-PSSessionConfiguration Change properties of a registered session configuration.
Unregister-PSSessionConfiguration Delete registered PS session configuration.
New-PSSessionConfigurationFile Create a file that defines a session configuration.
New-PSSessionOption Advanced options for a PSSession.
Add-PsSnapIn asnp Add snap-ins to the console.
Get-PsSnapin gsnp List PowerShell snap-ins on this computer.
Remove-PSSnapin rsnp Remove PowerShell snap-ins from the console.
Get-Random Get a random number.
Read-Host Read a line of input from the host console.
Remove-Item rm/del/erase/rd/ri/rmdir Remove an item.
Rename-Item ren/rni Change the name of an existing item.
Rename-ItemProperty Rename a property of an item.
Restart-Computer Restart the operating system on a computer.
Return Exit the current scope, (function, script, or script block).
Run/Call & Run a command (call operator).
Scheduler cmdlets Get/Set scheduled jobs.
Confirm-SecureBootUEFI Confirm that Secure Boot is enabled on the local computer.
Select-Object select Select properties of objects.
Select-XML Find text in an XML string or document.
New-SelfSignedCertificate Create a new self-signed certificate for testing purposes.
Send-MailMessage Send an email message.
Get-Service gsv Get a list of services.
New-Service Create a new service.
Restart-Service Stop and then restart a service.
Resume-Service Resume a suspended service.
Set-Service Change the start mode/properties of a service.
Start-Service sasv Start a stopped service.
Stop-Service spsv Stop a running service.
Suspend-Service Suspend a running service.
Sort-Object sort Sort objects by property value.
Get-SmbConnection Retrieve the connections established from the SMB client to the SMB servers.
Get-SmbOpenFile Information about files that are open on behalf of SMB server clients.
Get-SMBMapping Get an SMB mapping.
New-SmbMapping Create an SMB mapping.
Remove-SmbMapping Remove an SMB mapping.
Get-SmbSession Retrieve information about current SMB sessions.
Set-SmbClientConfiguration Set the SMB client configuration.
Get-SmbServerConfiguration Get the SMB Server configuration.
Set-SmbServerConfiguration Set the SMB Server configuration.
Get-SmbShare Retrieve the SMB shares on the computer.
Set-SmbShare Modify the properties of an SMB share.

New-SmbShare Create an SMB share.
Get-SmbShareAccess Retrieve the ACL of an SMB share.
Grant-SmbShareAccess Add an allow ACE for a trustee to the security descriptor of the SMB share.
Set-StrictMode Enforce coding rules in expressions & scripts.
Get-StartApps Get the names and IDs of apps installed on the Start Menu.
Export-StartLayout Export layout of the Start screen as an .xml file.
Import-StartLayout Import the layout of the Start into a mounted Windows image.
Start-Sleep sleep Suspend shell, script, or runspace activity.
Get-StorageJob Information about long-running Storage module jobs, such as a repair task.
New-StoragePool Create a new storage pool using a group of physical disks.
Switch Check multiple conditions.
ConvertFrom-StringData Convert a here-string into a hash table.
Select-String Search through strings or files for patterns.
Tee-Object tee Send input objects to two places.
New-Timespan Create a timespan object.
Get-TimeZone gtz Get the current time zone or a list of available time zones.
Set-TimeZone stz Set the system time zone to a specified time zone.
Get-TlsCipherSuite Get the list of cipher suites for TLS for a computer.
Get-Tpm Trusted Platform Module (TPM)
Trace-Command Trace an expression or command.
Get-Tracesource Get components that are instrumented for tracing.
Set-Tracesource Trace a PowerShell component.
Start-Transaction Start a new transaction.
Complete-Transaction Commit the transaction.
Get-Transaction Get information about the active transaction.
Use-Transaction Add a command or expression to the transaction.
Undo-Transaction Roll back a transaction.
Start-Transcript Start a transcript of a command shell session.
Stop-Transcript Stop the transcription process.
Trap Handle a terminating error.
Try ... Catch Handle a terminating error within a scriptblock.
Add-Type Add a .NET Framework type to a PowerShell session.
Update-TypeData Update extended type configuration.
Get-Uiculture Get the ui culture information.
Unblock-File Unblock files downloaded from the Internet.
Get-Unique gu Get the unique items in a collection.
Update-Formatdata Update and append format data files.
Update-Help Download and install help files.
Update-Typedata Update the current extended type configuration.
Clear-Variable clv Remove the value from a variable.
Get-Variable gv Get a PowerShell variable.
New-Variable nv Create a new variable.
Remove-Variable rv Remove a variable and its value.
Set-Variable set/sv Set a variable and a value.
Get-VirtualDisk Return a list of VirtualDisks across storage pools/providers.
New-VirtualDisk Create a new virtual disk in the specified storage pool.
Get-Volume Get the specified Volume object, or all Volume objects.
Format-Volume Format one or more volumes.
New-Volume Create a volume with the specified file system.
Optimize-Volume Optimize a volume.
Repair-Volume Perform repairs on a volume.
Add-VpnConnection Add a VPN connection to the Connection Manager phone book.
Get-VpnConnection Retrieve the specified VPN connection profile information.
Set-VpnConnection Change the config. of a VPN connection profile.
Add-VpnConnectionRoute Add a route to a VPN connection.
Checkpoint-WebApplicationMonitoring Create a checkpoint for an IIS web app.
Get-WebApplicationMonitoringStatus Get the monitoring status of web apps.
New-WebServiceProxy Create a Web service proxy object.
Invoke-WebRequest Get content from a web page.
Where-Object where/? Filter input from the pipeline.
Where method Filter objects from a collection.
While Loop while a condition is True.
Add-WindowsCapability Install a Windows capability package on the specified OS image.
Get-WindowsCapability Get capabilities for an image or a running OS.
Remove-WindowsCapability Uninstall a Windows capability package from an image.
Add-WindowsFeature Install roles, role services, and features. (Server 2008 R2).
Get-WindowsFeature Retrieve roles, role services, and features.
Install-WindowsFeature Install roles, role services, or features (Server 2012 R2).
Uninstall-WindowsFeature Uninstall/remove roles, role services, and features (2012 R2)
Mount-WindowsImage Mount a Windows image (WIM or VHD file) to a directory on the local computer.
Repair-WindowsImage Repair a Windows image in a WIM or VHD file.
Disable-WindowsOptionalFeature Disable a feature in a Windows image.
Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature Enable a feature in a Windows image.
Get-WindowsOptionalFeature Get information about optional features in a Windows image.
Add-WindowsPackage Add a single .cab or .msu file to a Windows image.
Get-WindowsUpdateLog Merge Windows Update .etl files into a single log file.
Set-WinSystemLocale Set the system locale for the current computer.
Set-WinUserLanguageList Set the language list/properties for the current user.
Write-Debug Write a debug message to the console (5).
Write-Error Write an object to the error pipeline (2).
Write-Host Display text on screen.
Write-Information Write to the information data stream (6).
Write-Output write/echo Write an object to the pipeline (1).
Write-Progress Display a progress bar.
Write-Verbose Write a string to the host's verbose display (4).
Write-Warning Write a warning string (3) in reverse video to the display.
Set-WmiInstance Create or update an instance of an existing WMI class.
Invoke-WmiMethod iwmi Call WMI methods.
Get-WmiObject gwmi Get WMI class information.
Remove-WmiObject rwmi Delete an instance of a WMI class.
Connect-WSMan Connect to the WinRM service on a remote computer.
Disconnect-WSMan Disconnect from the WinRM service on a remote computer.
Test-WSMan Test if a computer is setup to receive remote commands.
Invoke-WSManAction Invoke an action on a specified object.
Disable-WSManCredSSP Disable Credential Security Service Provider (SSP) authentication.
Enable-WSManCredSSP Enable Credential SSP authentication.
Get-WSManCredSSP Get the Credential SSP configuration.
New-WSManInstance Create a new instance of a management resource.
Get-WSManInstance Display management information (XML or value).
Set-WSManInstance Modify the management information related to a resource.
Remove-WSManInstance Delete a management resource instance.
Set-WSManQuickConfig Configure the local computer for remote management.
New-WSManSessionOption Options for WSMan commands.
Zipfile Compress or Extract zip files.
# Comment / Remark.
. (source) Run a command script in the current shell.
& (call) Run a command, script or function.
% Alias for ForEach-Object.
--% Stop parsing input.
? Alias for Where-Object.
$variable = "value" Define a variable also: ${n!a#me} = "value".
$_ The current pipeline object.
@(...) Force an expression to be evaluated as an array.
` Escape or Continue on the next line.
The cmdlets above are listed in A-Z order, matching the Verb- and/or -Noun and/or Alias of the cmdlet (so some duplicates).

PowerShell can also run all the standard CMD commands (external commands), .cmd batch files will run within a CMD.exe shell (so can include internal CMD commands), plus all Resource Kit utilities. VBScripts can be run via cscript

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