June 2, 2022•130 words
Aristotle was a student of Plato.
Whereas Plato's view was that to understand something you needed to study its Form; Aristotle believed that to understand the essence of a thing you need to study an example of that thing.
One of the main questions of philosophy is "How should we live?". Aristotle's answer is the idea of Eudaimonia. This can translate to "success", "happiness" or "flourishing". But rather than just seeking pleasure Aristotle believed we should pursue something deeper - "Develop the right kind of character.
Aristotle's Golden Mean is finding the balance between two extremes . For example if a soldier is too brave they could put themselves in unnecessary danger but if they are too cowardly they will be paralysed and ineffective. A balance needs to be found.