Lesson 19 (Beginner 1B L3): Listing Events in Order

This is the final grammar point for this chapter, which is chapter 5. We finished the handout. Next lesson, we will finish up the chapter, and then the following lesson will be a revision lesson from chapters 1-5. Then after that is the test.

The test will have writing, reading, listening, and oral. The oral component will be done in pairs. I guess that gives a hint to me on what to expect. But yeah, it's Beginner 1, like the teacher says, so it isn't too hard.

We also had a surprise quiz today on conjugation. Actually, it was also a listening quiz, but I don't know if the listening component came about because the printer wasn't working. So the teacher would say a verb in the infinitive form, and we we had to write the infinitive form, the present tense form (polite-informal), and the past tense form (also polite-informal, I would think).

I realised I'm bad at dictation (and hence listening), and bad at spelling. I probably should force myself to type out the words on Anki. And there was one that I had wrong in my Anki note, so it was a good thing this came up, so I fixed it.

And Audrey didn't come for lesson again, but apparently it's still because she's busy with work. But I still have my suspicions because our lessons are on Saturday afternoon, she works in a bank (iirc as a bank teller) and banks close early on Saturdays, do they not? Besides, why would banks be busy at this time with the Covid-19 around and everyone mostly shutting themselves in?


4. V-๊ณ 

This construction is used to list two or more events in the order that they happened.

For the first N-1 events (all except the last), you take the dictionary form (i.e. the infinitive), remove the ๋‹ค, and then replace it with ๊ณ .

As an example, if you have ๋ณด๋‹ค, remove the ๋‹ค, and you get ๋ณด๊ณ .

You only have to conjugate according to the tense for the last verb (event) in the chain.

We practised mostly with 2 events.


  1. ๋ฐฅ์„ ๋จน๊ณ  ์ฐจ๋ฅผ ๋งˆ์…”์š”. (I eat rice and I drink tea.)
  2. ์–ด์ œ ์Šคํ…Œ์ดํฌ์„ ๋จน๊ณ  ์นœ๊ตฌํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ฒŒ์ž„ํ•˜๊ณ  ์šด๋™ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. (Yesterday, I ate steak, played games with friends, and exercised.)
  3. ์Šคํ‹ฐ๋ธ์”จ๋Š” ํ•™๊ต์— ๊ฐ€๊ณ  ์นœ๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋‚ฌ์–ด์š”. (Steven went to school and met his friend.)

The order matters. In the first example, it means that you ate rice (or ate your meal) before drinking tea. If you said instead ์ฐจ๋ฅผ ๋งˆ์‹œ๊ณ  ๋ฐฅ์„ ๋จน์–ด์š” it means that you drank the tea before you ate your meal.

์นœ๊ตฌํ•˜๊ณ  thrown in can make things really confusing, when there are many ~ํ•˜๋‹ค verbs that become ํ•˜๊ณ . I wonder if there is some link between these two ํ•˜๊ณ ?

If the subject of the sentence is the same for both clauses, you naturally omit the subject in the second one. Or, as in the first 2 sentences, the subject may already be omitted (as the "I" is implicit.)

We practised the above in class with the picture cards, and naturally, we had to throw in locations and objects as well.


These mostly came up in the answers to questions about what we did.

Korean English
๊ฒŒ์ž„ํ•˜๋‹ค to play a game
์Šคํ…Œ์ดํฌ steak
ํŒŒ์Šคํƒ€ pasta
์ƒ๋Ÿฌ๋“œ salad
์ €๋„์š” me too


  1. For the pronunciation of ์‚ฐ์ฑ…ํ•˜๋‹ค, it is [์‚ฐ์ฑ„์นด๋‹ค]. Does that mean for ์‚ฐ์ฑ…ํ•˜๊ณ , it is [์‚ฐ์ฑ„์นด๊ณ ]? (Update 16/5/2020: The answer, I later discover, is yes.)

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