Lesson 39 (Beginner 2B Lesson 7): Time

We spent the first 10 minutes or so of the class going through the common mistakes. Then we started on Chapter 10.

The teacher only sent us the test report at the end of the lesson, and like before, only the writing component (sentences and essay) were graded. The rest are in the report.

I lost marks in speaking and writing, so in the end it was still pretty high. I managed to end up with full marks for listening despite the apprehension I was feeling last week.

My friend didn't come for class today. The teacher seems to be at home today from her background and the set up with 1 computer. I noticed she's been alternating for the past few weeks. Like last week, it was in the school, but the previous week, it was not, and the week before, which I think was the first week they opened the physical school again, she was there.

Chapter 10 is about time, which I've learnt before somewhat with the First Step Korean course offered by Yonsei University on Coursera.

Vocabulary

Korean English Notes
์˜ค์ „ AM From 12am to 12pm (midnight to noon), but also used to refer to the time of the morning after breakfast from 8am to 12pm (where there is no more specific word for that period in the morning).
์˜คํ›„ PM From 12pm to 12am (noon to midnight), not just the afternoon period, though from 12pm to 6pm you don't have a more specific word for it than this.
์ƒˆ๋ฒฝ dawn 12am to 6am
์•„์นจ morning Approximately from 6am to 8am, it refers generally to the time before (and in a sense, during) breakfast. 9am might be still considered ์•„์นจ.
์ •์˜ค noon The ์˜ค is where you get the ์˜ค for ์˜ค์ „ and ์˜คํ›„. Sino-Korean word from ๆญฃๅˆ.
๋‚ฎ daytime
์ €๋… evening 6pm to 9pm
๋ฐค night 9pm to 12am (midnight)
์˜ค๋Š˜๋ฐค tonight
์–ด์ ฏ๋ฐค last night ์–ด์ œ + ๋ฐค, but because there is no ๋ฐ›์นจ, you add the ใ…… to stick them together. (I guess this is why it's ์ฐป์ง‘ for "teahouse".)
์•„์  brunch The full name is ์•„์นจ ๊ฒธ ์ ์‹ฌ, but it's such a mouthful that most people just call it ์•„์ . ๊ฒธ means "as well as".
๋ฐ์ดํŠธํ•˜๋‹ค to have a date
๋ฒ„์Šค๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ๋‹ค to wait for a bus
๋ฒ„์Šค๋ฅผ ํƒ€๋‹ค to take a bus
๋นจ๋ž˜ํ•˜๋‹ค to do the laundry
์š”๋ฆฌํ•˜๋‹ค to cook I have no idea why the textbook decided to add words that I though we learnt long ago... but ok. This isn't the only one but it's the one that I think we learnt the earliest.
์ƒค์›Œํ•˜๋‹ค to take a shower
์„ธ์ˆ˜ํ•˜๋‹ค to wash one's face
์šด์ „ํ•˜๋‹ค to drive
์ „ํ™”ํ•˜๋‹ค to call
์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋‹ค to get up
์ฒญ์†Œํ•˜๋‹ค to clean
์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ๋ฅผ ํ•˜๋‹ค to use a computer
ํšŒ์˜ํ•˜๋‹ค to hold a (formal) meeting
์ˆ˜์—…์„ ํ•˜๋‹ค to take a class More general
์ˆ˜์—…์„ ๋“ค๋‹ค to take a class Lecture-style class, where you listening to the teacher. Not for sports classes where you have to move and do things. For that you should use ํ•˜๋‹ค
์‹œํ—˜์„ ๋ณด๋‹ค to take a test ๋ณด๋‹ค is also used for attending an interview.
์ฃผ๋ง ์ž˜ ๋ณด๋‚ด๋‹ค to have a good weekend
์ด๋ฒˆ this time
์ฏค about About $10: ์‹ญ ๋‹ฌ๋Ÿฌ์ฏค; Around 5 (apples): ๋‹ค์„ฏ ๊ฐœ์ฏค
๋ฐ˜ half

Grammar

1. ์‹œ๊ฐ„ (Time)

You use the native Korean numbers for the hour, and the Sino-Korean numbers for the minutes.

์‹œ is for the hour, ๋ถ„ is for the minutes.

Examples:

  1. ์ง€๊ธˆ ์˜คํ›„ ๋„ค ์‹œ์˜ˆ์š”. (It is 4:00pm now.)
  2. ์ง€๊ธˆ ์˜ค์ „ ํ•œ ์‹œ ์‚ผ์‹ญ ๋ถ„์ด์—์š”. = ์ง€๊ธˆ ์˜ค์ „ ํ•œ ์‹œ ๋ฐ˜์ด์—์š”. (It is 1:30am now.)
  3. ์—ด๋‘ ์‹œ์— ์ ์‹ฌ์„ ๋จน์—ˆ์–ด์š”. (I ate lunch at 12pm.)
  4. ๋‚˜๋‚˜ ์”จ๋Š” ์—ดํ•œ ์‹œ์ฏค(์—) ์ž์š”. (Nana goes to sleep around 11pm.)

The use of the time particle ์— is required when you are indicating the time that an action is being performed.

When ์ฏค is used to indicate approximate time, the time particle ์— is optional.

2. N ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ N ๊นŒ์ง€

This is used to indicate a period of time. N ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ indicates the point where something began; N ๊นŒ์ง€ indicates when something ended.

They can be used separately as well and it is not necessary to use both.

They can be used not only with hours and minutes, but also days of the week, dates, and even years.

They can also be used "to express a specific range on a scale" according to the notes, but I'm not exactly sure what this refers to. Perhaps just that you can use it to refer to a range of pages in a book for example.

For translations:

  • ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ might be translated from, since (e.g. from 12pm, since 1999)
  • ๊นŒ์ง€ might be translated until, to, by (e.g. until 5pm, to Friday, by 15 Jan)

Examples:

  1. ์˜ค์ „ ์•„ํ™‰ ์‹œ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์˜คํ›„ ๋‹ค์„ฏ ์‹œ๊นŒ์ง€ ์ผํ•ด์š”. (I work from 9am to 5pm.)
  2. ์‹œํ—˜์ด ์›”์š”์ผ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์ˆ˜์š”์ผ๊นŒ์ง€์˜ˆ์š”. (The exam period is from Monday to Wednesday.)
  3. 5์ชฝ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ 10์ชฝ๊นŒ์ง€ ์ฝ์œผ์„ธ์š”. (Please read from page 5 to page 10.)
  4. ๋ฐฉํ•™์ด 7์›” 18์ผ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ 26์ผ๊นŒ์ง€์˜ˆ์š”. (The school holidays is from 18 to 26 July.)

The content is pretty straightforward in theory. The tricky part again is with the numbers, being able to say what you need to.

One thing I noticed during class was that many students said [์‹œ๋ ˆ] when it should be [์‹œ์—] as in 8์‹œ์— ์•„์นจ์„ ๋จน์–ด์š”. I believe this is because of the "muscle memory" where we had the dates and days of week, such as ์ผ์š”์ผ์—, 8์›” 1์ผ์—, etc. that all have the ใ„น batchim. The association for Time + ์— making a [๋ ˆ] sound becomes very automatic.

The other thing I noticed was that I tended to write ๋ถ€ํ…Œ instead of ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ, I corrected myself many times when doing the homework earlier, and even when typing it out in this post.


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