Lesson 40 (Beginner 2B Lesson 8): I will go the theatre and watch a movie

Wow, it's lesson 40 already. I didn't even realise it was the last lesson of the term, since the teacher didn't mention it. I guess everyone is continuing on to the next term.

The girl with the name as the previous teacher did not attend the lesson. The observable pattern still holds, that our teacher was at the school during this week's lesson, so it really looks like alternate weeks. I wonder if they are doing some form of split team ops.

We did some revision of last week, doing the activities in the textbook. Then we covered the last 2 grammar points for this chapter and completed the handout.

Grammar

3. V-์•„์„œ/์–ด์„œ

This is used to connect two clauses that occurred sequentially. It indicates a continuity from the first to the second.

With -์•„์„œ/์–ด์„œ, when you put two actions together, it implies that the first action must happen before the second can happen.

The first is a necessary action that must happen before the second one can happen, and changing the order is not possible.

For this reason, it's very common to have the following 3 verbs:

  1. ๋งŒ๋‚˜๋‹ค: ๋งŒ๋‚˜์„œ (meeting someone and then doing something together after)
  2. ๊ฐ€๋‹ค: N์— ๊ฑฐ์„œ (going to a place, and then doing something there)
  3. ์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋‹ค: ์ผ์–ด๋‚˜์„œ (waking up and then doing something)

The way to conjugate this is very similar to conjugating the Informal Polite Present Tense that we saw back in Chapter 3 (Lesson 12), where we had V-์•„์š”, V-ํ•ด์š”, V-์–ด์š”.

There are basically 3 possible ways, depending on the verb.

  1. For verbs with vowels ใ…, ใ…—: Add -์•„์„œ
  2. For verbs ํ•˜๋‹ค verbs: Add -ํ•ด์„œ
  3. For all other verbs: Add -์–ด์„œ

So the groups are the same, just that instead of ์š” this time it's ์„œ.

Examples:

  1. ์นœ๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋‚˜์„œ ์˜ํ™”๋ฅผ ๋ด์š”. (I meet my friend and watch a movie.)
  2. ์ง‘์— ๊ฐ€์„œ ์š”๋ฆฌํ•ด์š”. (I go home and cook.)
  3. ์ €๋Š” 7์‹œ์— ์ผ์–ด๋‚˜์„œ ์ฐจ๋ฅผ ๋งˆ์…”์š”. (I wake up at 7am and drink tea.)

Like with ๊ณ , you only express the tense for the last verb, not the first.

Example (past tense):

  • ์–ด์ œ ์นœ๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋‚˜์„œ ์˜ํ™”๋ฅผ ๋ดค์–ด์š”.

-์•„์„œ/์–ด์„œ vs -๊ณ 

This actually has the same meaning as V-๊ณ .

We learnt ๊ณ  first as a connector for 2 events in sequential order and later as a connector which doesn't necessarily imply things in sequential order.

In terms of usage for V-์•„์„œ/์–ด์„œ, as noted earlier, it means that the first action is a necessary action for the second to take place.

Earlier, there was this sentence: ์–ด์ œ ์นœ๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋‚˜์„œ ์˜ํ™”๋ฅผ ๋ดค์–ด์š”. (Yesterday, I met my friend and we watched a movie.)

If you did not watch the movie with your friend, then you would use ๊ณ : ์–ด์ œ ์นœ๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋‚˜๊ณ  ์˜ํ™”๋ฅผ ๋ดค์–ด์š”. (Yesterday, I met my friend and watched a movie.)

However, unlike with -๊ณ , the subject of both verbs for -์•„์„œ/์–ด์„œ must be the same.1 If the subject is different, use ๊ณ . With ๊ณ , you omit the subject for the second part when it's the same.

Another example I will bring up is one that apparently only Singaporeans tend to get wrong. The teacher said that she had never seen people use -์•„์„œ/์–ด์„œ instead of -๊ณ  for this sentence until she started teaching in this country.

Now we did this in groups (a group of 3 for me, since we have 5 in a class with a person absent, and for this lesson our groups were the same except for the first activity where I was paired with the teacher), and I got it wrong (and agreed with my classmates) mostly because I was thinking of ์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋‹ค (to wake up) and somehow thought the same applies for ์ž๋‹ค (to sleep). Clearly, my brain wasn't quite working.

  • ์–ด์ œ ์—ด๋‘ ์‹œ์— ์ƒค์›Œํ•ด์„œ ์žค์–ด์š”. (X)
  • ์–ด์ œ ์—ด๋‘ ์‹œ์— ์ƒค์›Œํ•˜๊ณ  ์žค์–ด์š”. (O)

The sentence is translated as: "Yesterday, I showered at 12 and went to sleep."

The point being that you don't have to shower before bed. You could easily be too tired.

The reason why people here get this wrong apparently is because they like to go to bed clean (??). This is quite interesting to me because I just had a coversation about this very recently.

I was playing a game with my colleague 2 nights ago (well, it was early morning, past 2am) and he said he still had to shower, and we sort of had a conversation about that. For me once I was done with the game I'd go to bed because I don't start to play until I get everything done and can immediately sleep after. To which he said it's his preference to go to bed "squeaky clean" and so would shower regardless (interesting to me because if it were me I'd be too tired to do anything else). So I thought he was more of the exception, but maybe it's not as out of the ordinary. It might be a product of the humid weather. Nowadays I do shower in the evenings but it's not right before sleeping.

Then there is one more sentence that I was wondering about, which I thought could use -์•„์„œ/์–ด์„œ instead of -๊ณ  because it was describing a habitual action, implying a kind of order:

  • ์œ ์ง„ ์”จ๋Š” ๋งค์ผ ์ˆ™์ œํ•˜๊ณ  ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „์„ ๋ด์š”. (Yujin does homework and watches television every day.)

But my classmates reasoned (correctly) that it's not necessary for one to be done before the other. So even if it's usually something done in order, but doesn't have to be, then you would also use -๊ณ .

4. V-(์œผ)ใ„น ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”

This is used to indicate a future plan or possibility.

The teacher called it the future tense, so I guess it kind of is. (My hesitation is whether Korean has a future tense because as you can tell from the structure it's very different from the present and past tense, but it might be just me overthinking things.)

Pronunciation wise, note that ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š” is actually pronounced as [๊บผ์—์š”].

The front part V-(์œผ)ใ„น is the same as V-(์œผ)ใ„น ๊นŒ์š”.

Unlike the past and present tenses, you use the basic form (dictionary form, e.g. ๋งŒ๋‚˜๋‹ค) of the verb for this conjugation.

Whenever you see this optional ์œผ part it's an indicator that you are checking the batchim.

  • ๋ฐ›์นจ O + ์„ ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”
  • ๋ฐ›์นจ X or ใ„น + ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”

Examples:

  1. ์˜ค๋Š˜ ์ˆ˜์—… ํ›„์— ๊ณต๋ถ€ ํ•  ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. (I am going to do homework after the class today.)
  2. ๋‚ด์ผ ์‹๋‹น์— ๊ฐ€์„œ ๋ฐฅ์„ ๋จน์„ ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. (I am going to the restaurant to eat tomorrow.)

Bonus: Formal

There was an example sentence which has the formal form, and so we have:

  • ๋ฐ›์นจ O + ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค
  • ๋ฐ›์นจ X or ใ„น + ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค

Examples:

  1. ์˜ค๋Š˜ ์ˆ˜์—… ํ›„์— ๊ณต๋ถ€ ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค์š”. (I am going to do homework after the class today.)
  2. ๋‚ด์ผ ์‹๋‹น์— ๊ฐ€์„œ ๋ฐฅ์„ ๋จน์„ ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (I am going to the restaurant to eat tomorrow.)

Recall that "this" is ์ด๊ฑฐ, but this is informal. The original form is actually ์ด๊ฒƒ (which you use in formal speech). Similarly, here, instead of ๊ฑฐ, you use the original form ๊ฒƒ.

Then, instead of ์˜ˆ์š”, you use ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

Vocabulary

Korean English Notes
์‹œ๊ฐ„ํ‘œ timetable/schedule
๋‚ด๋ฆฌ๋‹ค to get off/alight Get off a bus, train, or car.
๋ณด๋‚ด๋‹ค to send (a letter); to spend (time)
๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค to draw This was in the homework.
๋ฒ ์ดํ‚นํ•˜๋‹ค to bake The teacher asked us for what we were going to do today (to practise the new future tense) and someone said ์š”๋ฆฌํ•˜๋‹ค before clarifying she was going to bake. The teacher gave us this verb but said that ์š”๋ฆฌํ•˜๋‹ค can also be used for baking.

I also want to talk about ๋ณด๋‚ด๋‹ค. We were practising the conjugations today, so the teacher had those physical cards with a picture in front and the verb behind. So we started with the side with the words, and then we did the pictures. We had to conjugate it in the present tense (V-์•„์š”/์–ด์š”), past tense (V-์•˜์–ด์š”/์—ˆ์–ด์š”), and this new future tense that we learnt (V-(์œผ)ใ„น ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”).

The last card I got was ๋ณด๋‚ด๋‹ค. First, I didn't recognise the picture. (It was someone at the post office sending a parcel.) But even after being told the verb, looking at ๋ณด๋‚ด๋‹ค, I was looking at it and I didn't know it was ๋ณด๋‚ด์š”. Basically, I couldn't derive the conjugation because ๋ณด๋‚ด๋‹ค actually defies the rules we have been taught. It's an exception.

On Wiktionary, it has both forms: ๋ณด๋‚ด์š” (the more common one), and ๋ณด๋‚ด์–ด์š” (the one you'd expect from following the rules). Intuitively, ๋ณด๋‚ด์–ด์š” felt wrong and so I was hesitant.

Why it felt wrong was because I'd seen ๋ณด๋‚ด๋‹ค before, used with the meaning "to spend time" in this phrase: ์ข‹์€ ํ•˜๋ฃจ ๋ณด๋‚ด์„ธ์š”! ("Have a nice day!")

So my intuition was correct, but based on a wrong reason. (See Lesson 36 for how it's conjugated; it uses the basic form and is not the same as the present tense.)

I think no one else was getting tripped up because there had been a question in the handout today (for the third grammar point) that had ๋ณด๋ƒˆ์–ด์š”, and naturally took it as ๋ณด๋‚ด์š”? I have no idea, because I sure didn't trip up when I wrote down the past tense form ๋ณด๋ƒˆ์–ด์š”. But clearly this is a verb I was weak it because it led to confusion.

So if I'm using ๋ณด๋‚ด๋‹ค and -์•„์„œ/์–ด์„œ, I guess it should be ๋ณด๋‚ด์„œ.

I wonder how many verbs there are like this, weird exceptions. Probably many.

...I guess more accurately, I wonder how many of them I've encountered even in passing before, and not realised it.

Title

The title is based on the 2 grammar points, future tense + and (sequential action, with the first being a necessary condition for the second).


  1. For the example sentence with the movie, I translated it such that it technically has a different subject (I and we) but that's just more of a translation thing. In the original sentence the subject isn't stated but it's implied to be "I" from context, so it might be more of "Yesterday, I met my friend and (I) watched a movie (with him/her)". โ†ฉ


You'll only receive email when journey publishes a new post

More fromย journey