Lesson 41 (Beginner 3A Lesson 1): New Term, New Chapter

It's a new term but there's no one who left or joined. The teacher was in school today, so I wonder if she will be there from now on, since this breaks the pattern.

This lesson was on 15 August, which is also Korea's National Liberation Day. Since it's a public holiday that falls on a Saturday, the teacher asked us if we get Monday off when Saturday is a public holiday. We said that it depends on the company that you work for.

(I'm not sure if it's more of a converation starter than her not really knowing, because I'm sure she's been living here for years.)

Then she asked about if the public holiday falls on a Sunday. We said that yes, it will be a holiday. (Concidentally enough, the week before was Singapore's National Day - 9 August fell on a Sunday this year, and so Monday was a holiday.)

The teacher said that in Korea generally if the holiday falls on a Sunday, there is no extra rest day given on Monday, with the exception of 3 holidays:

  1. Lunar New Year (์„ค๋‚ )
  2. Mid-Autumn Festival/Korean Thanksgiving Day (์ถ”์„)
  3. Children's Day (์–ด๋ฆฐ์ด๋‚ ) - on 5 May

Children's Day isn't a public holiday for us, only for the students. But it is a public holiday in Korea for everyone. I think we had this discussion some time back about this.

So every year, she says that the Koreans will check the calendar and see if it's a "lucky" year in terms of the day of the week that the holidays fall on.

We finished up Chapter 10 in the textbook, and started with some vocab for Chapter 11 (only on the body parts, and not the sickness/symptoms-related words, so I won't be including those until we cover them next week even though I have the Quizlet deck with them in).

Grammar

The grammar points were completed last week with the completion of the handout, but since we are covering some of them again as they appear in textbook, I wanted to note for V-์•„์„œ/์–ด์„œ that the ์„œ is optional in spoken language.

Instead of:

  • ์ฟ ํ‚ค์„ ๋งŒ๋“ค์–ด์„œ ์คฌ์–ด์š”. (I made cookies and gave them.)

You can also say:

  • ์ฟ ํ‚ค์„ ๋งŒ๋“ค์–ด ์คฌ์–ด์š”. (I made cookies and gave them.)

Culture Note

The culture note in this chapter is about the opening hours of various institutions in Korea.

  1. Bank - Monday to Friday, 9am to 4pm. Closed on weekends. Most office workers who need to use the bank services will use their lunch hour, according to the teacher.
  2. Post office - Monday to Friday, 9am to 6pm. Closed on weekends as well.
  3. Immigation office - Monday to Friday, 9am to 6pm and half day on Saturday: 9am to 1pm

We didn't really have in-depth discussion about this, but the teacher noted that she also noticed that the banks here have different opening times depending on their location (e.g. whether they are standalone or in a shopping mall).

Pronunciation

The pronunciation topic this time is that after the final consonants (๋ฐ›์นจ) ใ…‚ or ใ„ท, if the initial consonants of the next syllable are any of: ใ„ฑ, ใ„ท, ใ…‚, ใ……, ใ…ˆ, then they are pronounced as the double conosant versions: ใ„ฒ, ใ„ธ, ใ…ƒ, ใ…†, ใ…‰.

The first thing to remember is that the final consonant ใ„ท is the one with many possible "variants": ์•‹, ์•—, ์•š, ์•›, ์•, ์•Ÿ. (These were the 6 that the teacher listed, but I guess ์•˜ as well?)

The other thing is ใ„ฑ, ใ„ท, ใ…‚, ใ……, ใ…ˆ looks like a pretty long list, but it's really only those consonants that have a double consonant version, so it's not nearly as hard to remember. By now it's pretty intuitive which consonants can "double up" to make the double consonants.

Examples:

  1. ๋ช‡ ์‹œ[๋ฉท์”จ]
  2. ๋ฐฅ๋„ [๋ฐฅ๋˜]
  3. ์‚ผ์‹ญ ๋ถ„[์‚ผ์‹ญ๋ฟ]

I have a feeling that we have sort of been told this for isolated cases before, but it's not been generalised into a rule.

I went to dig, and found something from Lesson 30... Only to realise that it's kind of different to this rule due to my mistake.

The textbook was consistent. While I wrote my own example from my understanding:

  • ๋งŒ๋‚ฌ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค: [๋งŒ๋‚˜์”๋‹ˆ๋‹ค]

The textbook's examples from back in Chapter 7 were (consistent with this pronunciation rule):

  • ์ถฅ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค [์ถฅ์”€๋‹ˆ๋‹ค]
  • ์–ด๋–ป์Šต๋‹ˆ๊นŒ [์–ด๋–ง์”€๋‹ˆ๊นŒ]

I think in that chapter there was more focus on how it's [์”€] instead of [์Šต] - that is, the /m/ sound - and so it wasn't something I paid much attention to. After all, I have to admit that I can't always tell the difference between ใ…… and ใ…†. It's very possible that while trying to copy down whatever the teacher wrote, I copied down the wrong thing (I have caught myself doing that many times before, when reviewing). Or it could have been my wrong interpretation of something she said.

Vocabulary

Korean English Notes
๊ทธ๋ฆผ drawing
๊ทธ๋ฆผ์„ ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค to draw a drawing Like Chinese ็”ป็”ป, it's repeated. ็”ป by itself means drawing.
์ธ์‹ธ insider (slang) To refer to someone who is very active socially. Someone who is part of many social groups and has many friends.
์•„์‹ธ outsider (slang) Opposite of an "insider", someone who prefers to study alone for example if they are in university.
์ฟ ํ‚ค cookie
์ „ํ†ต tradition; traditional ไผ ็ปŸ
์ด๋ฉ”์ผ email
์‹ ์ฒด body Found this in the textbook, I needed it to Google for labelled images that I could add to Anki.
N์ด/๊ฐ€ ์•„ํŒŒ์š” N hurts That's a terrible translation and I'm sorry. Substitute N with any body part to say that it hurts (e.g. ๋ชฉ์ด ์•„ํŒŒ์š” means your throat hurts, that is, you have a sort throat).
๋จธ๋ฆฌ head/hair Used to be that the original form for "hair" is ๋จธ๋ฆฌ์นด๋ฝ, but now just ๋จธ๋ฆฌ is used for both.
๋ˆˆ eye
๊ท€ ear
์ฝ” nose
์–ผ๊ตด face
๋ชฉ neck/throat
์ž… mouth
์ด tooth To show the teeth, you can't say ์ž…, so it's ์ด. (This is what the teacher said, it's a useful mnemonic device.)
์–ด๊นจ shoulder Sounds like "ok" (another mnemonic device of sorts)
ํŒ” arm Imagine there is an 8 on the arm sleeve (the picture we had in the notes was of a boy wearing a T-shirt and shorts)
๊ฐ€์Šด chest The chest area, includes the breast and heart, so you could say ๊ฐ€์Šด์ด ์•„ํŒŒ์š” when you are sad and have heartache.
๋“ฑ back Refers only to the upper back.
ํ—ˆ๋ฆฌ waist Includes also the lower back. So if you have pain in your lower back due to sitting too long, you would not say ๋“ฑ์ด ์•„ํŒŒ์š” but ํ—ˆ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ์•„ํŒŒ์š”.
๋ฐฐ stomach/belly
์† hand
๋‹ค๋ฆฌ leg Also can be used for table legs, and also means bridge
๋ฌด๋ฆŽ knee
๋ฐœ foot

Some miscellaneous things related to body parts (it's not as bad as it sounds... am I the only one thinking of dead bodies when someone says "body parts" instead of "parts of the body"?) when we went through this:

  1. There is a song called ๋ˆˆ,์ฝ”,์ž…. The teacher played only the line where he sings this, so I don't have much context of the whole song but I think it's about someone remembering their previous love.
  2. Korean mothers play this ์ฝ”์ฝ”์ฝ” game with their kids to teach them the various parts of the face. ์ฝ” means nose, so you start by going ์ฝ”, ์ฝ”, ์ฝ”,... and tapping on your nose each time you say it. Supposedly both the mother and the kid does it, since the teacher made all of us do it. Then she would say another body part and point somewhere else, e.g. ์ž… (mouth) but point to her ear. Then we, as the kid/learner, are supposed to still point to the correct body part (mouth) and not to the ear.
  3. There is a Korean version of the "Head and Shoulders, Knees and Toes" song: ๋จธ๋ฆฌ ์–ด๊นจ ๋ฌด๋ฆŽ ๋ฐœ. Yes, it's called almost the same thing: Head, Shoulder, Knee, Foot. The second round was really too fast to sing along to in class.

Finally, a note on differentiating ํŒ” (arm) and ๋ฐœ (foot), particularly in the sentences ํŒ”์ด ์•„ํŒŒ์š” and ๋ฐœ์ด ์•„ํŒŒ์š”.

  1. ํŒ”์ด ์•„ํŒŒ์š”: Emphasis is on the consonant sound ใ…. It results in a downward intonation.
  2. ๋ฐœ์ด ์•„ํŒŒ์š”: Emphasis is on the vowel sound ์•„. It results in an upward intonation.

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