Lesson 86 (Intermediate 3 Lesson 1)

Started the lesson going through the common mistakes for the test. This time, it was going through only the oral components.

I checked my score after the lesson (even though the teacher had sent the report earlier in the day), and it turned out that I scored full marks for listening, which was surprising. I had guessed at least 1–2 of them.

We started on Chapter 9, which is the last chapter of the SNU 2A textbook. We covered the vocabulary and first 3 grammar points in the handout. Then, we went through the Quizlet word set (not the entire set, I think only up to 17 or 19), and then we did textbook p.202–203.

Grammar

1. A-(으)ㄴ데요, V-는데요, N인데요

There are two main uses for this:

  1. To convey information about a certain situation and wait for the listener’s response.
  2. To reject/disagree politely because it has the effect of making a phrase sound softer than the present tense form -아/어요.

The first is used a lot in telephone conversations, which ties nicely with this chapter which has to do with communications.

Basically, when you use this form in the first case, the conversation is not over, and you expect the listener to say something else in response to what you had just said.

받침 X 받침 O
A 크다 → 큰데요 작다 → 작은데요
V 가다 → 가는데요 읽다 → 읽는데요
N 친구 → 친구인데요 학생 → 학생인데요

For past tense forms, you add -는데요:

  • 친절했는데요 (친절하다 = adjective)
  • 편했는데요 (편하다 = adjective)
  • 받았는데요
  • 찾았는데요

Example (Usage 1):

  • 가: 이 우산 좀 빌려 주세요.
  • 나: 이거 제 우산이 아닌데요.

Example (Usage 2):

  • 가: 시간 있으면 커피 한 잔 할까요?
  • 나: 미안해요. 오늘은 일이 많은데요.

2. V-는 중이다, N중이다

This is used to indicate something is in progress.

받침 X 받침 O
V 가다 → 가는 중이다 읽다 → 읽는 중이다
N 회의 → 회의중이다 수업 → 수업중이다

If you have a 하다 verb (formed by N + 하다), then you can use either:

  • 공사 중이다
  • = 공사하는 중이다

How is this different from V-고 있다? They are used in similar ways.

V-고 있다 has no restrictions on which subjects it can be used with, but V-는 중이다 cannot be used with subjects representing natural phenomena such as snow (눈) or rain (비). (This is why V-고 있다 was taught first; it has no restrictions on its use.)

  • 비가 오고 있어요. (O)
  • 비가 오는 중이에요. (X)

3. A-(으)ㄴ가요?, V-나요?, N인가요?

This is used to ask questions. These are gentler than using the present tense -아/어요 forms.

받침 X 받침 O
A 비싸다 → 비싼가요? 좋다 → 좋은가요?
V 가다 → 가나요? 읽다 → 읽나요?
N 친구 → 친구인가요? 학생 → 학생인가요?

Of note is that the adjectives that end with -있다/없다 and also the past tense -았/었- essentially act like verbs and combine with 나요? instead.

  • 이 영화가 재미없나요?
  • 어제 시험이 어려웠나요?

Vocabulary

Korean English Notes
문의하다 to inquire
접수 receipt (application) 接受
신청하다 to apply
외국인을 위한 수업 a class for foreigners
저를 위한 선물 a present for me
걸다 to hang
다도 체험 tea ceremony experience
끊다 to cut off
게임을 끊다 to quit playing games
술을 끊다 to quit drinking
통역하다 to interpret (spoken)
번역하다 to translate (written document)
궁금하다 to be curious
새로 이사한 집 new house (that we moved to)
전화를 걸다 to make a call
통화를 하다 to talk on the phone
전화가 오다 to have a phone call
전화를 끊다 to hang up the phone
전화를 받다 to answer the phone
문자를 보내다 to send a text message
전화를 바꾸다 to give the phone to someone else
문자를 받다 to receive a text message
문자를 지우다 to delete a text message
대상 target 对象
참가비 entry fee 参加费
장소 place 场所
문의 inquiry 问议
기간 period 期间
공사 construction 工事
외국인 foreigner 外国人
여자 친구를 위한 선물 gift for my girlfriend
국악 Korean classical music 国乐
동양화 Oriental painting 东洋畵
전시하다 to exhibit 展示
상영 screening 上映
남다 to be left 10분(이) 남았어요
말씀하시다 to say (honorific expression)
무료 no charge 无料
태권도복 Taekwondo uniform
다도 tea ceremony 茶道
악기 musical instrument 乐器
체험 (firsthand) experience 体验
재료비 material fee 材料费
참가하다 to participate 参加
정보 information

Homework

  • Worksheet chapter 9, p. 160–167
  • Quizlet Chapter 9 word set

Stats

  • Students: 5 out of 5
  • Breakout room activities: Yes, for the revision sheet only. Same group for both exercises (split 3/2).

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