Lesson 43 (Beginner 3A Lesson 3): I must only write this post

This lesson was a bit different. The teacher used her iPad instead of her laptop, because apparently the battery stopped charging that morning. She had used it for a physical in-person class in the morning (which also explains why she's now at the school every week), and then the message about the battery needing to be charged came up even though it was plugged in.

This meant that we had no breakout rooms, and there was no listening to the audio files. There was no interactive textbook stuff (I think it's some extra content for the textbook). There was a PDF of the textbook and also the handouts so those were still screen shared.

Today, I'm going to try to do free recall when typing out the first cut of this post for the grammar in an attempt to improve my learning on the topic. I've known this from probably the book Make It Stick, but since I'm reading Ultralearning now and it's a reminder, I should try to do more of this to aid my own learning.

I've already done the vocab in advance, so those are definitely not from memory. But in terms of learning vocab, I always have Anki.


3. N๋งŒ

This is used to indicate something unique, that is, the "only" thing. It can also be translated "just".

In terms of where it occupies a sentence grammatically, it can be anywhere that ๋„ can be. (For more on ๋„, see Lesson 27.)

Like ๋„, it replaces ์€/๋Š”, ์„/๋ฅผ and ๊ฐ€/์ด.1

It exists together with the other particles such as ์— and ์—์„œ, so instead of replacing them, you would have ์—๋งŒ or ์—์„œ๋งŒ.


  1. ์˜ค๋Š˜ ์•„์นจ๋งŒ ๋จน์—ˆ์–ด์š”. (I only ate breakfast today. That is, I didn't eat any other meal.)
  2. ์ €๋งŒ ์ง‘์—์„œ ์šด๋™ํ•ด์š”. (Only I exercised at home. That is, out of everyone at home, only I exercised at home.)
  3. ์—ฌ์šฐ์›์ˆญ์ด๋Š” ๋งˆ๋‹ค๊ฐ€์Šค์นด๋ฅด์—๋งŒ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. (Lemurs are only found in Madagascar.)

4. V-์•„์•ผ/์–ด์•ผ/ํ•ด์•ผ ๋˜๋‹ค/ํ•˜๋‹ค

This is used to indicate when something must or has to be done. It can also indicate something should be done.

  • In the informal form, it is more common to use ๋˜๋‹ค, so you have ๋ผ์š”.
  • In the formal form, it is more common to use ํ•˜๋‹ค, so you have ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

As you can probably already tell from the form, you have to conjugate to the present tense form, attach ์•ผ, and then add ๋˜๋‹ค/ํ•˜๋‹ค.

For example, if you have:

  • ๋จน๋‹ค: It becomes ๋จน์–ด์•ผ ๋ผ์š” (informal)/๋จน์–ด์•ผ ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค (formal).
  • ๊ฐ€๋‹ค: It becomes ๊ฐ€์•ผ ๋ผ์š” (informal)/๊ฐ€์•ผ ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค (formal).
  • ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•˜๋‹ค: It becomes ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•ด์•ผ ๋ผ์š” (informal)/๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค (formal).

Examples (sentences):

  1. ๋ชธ์ด ์•„ํŒŒ์š”. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ์•ฝ์„ ๋จน์–ด์•ผ ๋ผ์š”. (I am sick, so I need to eat medicine.)
  2. ๋‚ด์ผ ์‹œํ—˜์ด ์žˆ์–ด์š”. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ๊ผญ ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•ด์•ผ ๋ผ์š”. (I have a test tomorrow, so I must study.)
    • ๊ผญ makes the necessity stronger, making it more definite.
  3. ์›”์š”์ผ์— ํšŒ์‚ฌ์— ๊ฐ€์•ผ ๋ผ์š”. (On Monday, I have to go to work.)

In terms of revising for a test in future, I should revise with scenarios (e.g. the person is sick) and give advice for the scenarios (e.g. eat medicine and rest), because those are the most tricky. There were many of these in the textbook and also for the homework (workbook).


In class, we all had to come up with example sentences. In one, someone said: ์›”์š”์ผ์— ์ผํ•ด์•ผ ๋ผ์š”. (On monday, I have to work.)

When the teacher repeated, I noted that she also pronounced it as [์ผํ•ด] and not [์ด๋ž˜], as I'd have imagined.

For the longest time I thought ์ผํ•˜๋‹ค was just [์ผํ•˜๋‹ค] but more recently heard it as [์ด๋ผ๋‹ค]. It's not wrong for sure to pronounce the ใ…Ž, just a question of wanting to know what natives tend to say.

So with the current data I have, ์ผํ•˜๋‹ค seems like one of the those verbs where it's more... okay to pronounce the ใ…Ž.


Korean English Notes
์†๋‹˜ guest
๊ด€์‹ฌ interest ๅ…ณๅฟƒ. interest in a topic, ๊ด€์‹ฌ์ด ์žˆ์–ด์š”.
๋ฌธํ™” culture ๆ–‡ๅŒ–
์ค€๋น„ํ•˜๋‹ค to prepare ๅ‡†ๅค‡. ์„ ๋ฌผ์„ ์ค€๋น„ํ•˜๋‹ค = to prepare a present (for someone's birthday)
์žฅ์‹ decorations
์žฅ์‹ํ•˜๋‹ค to decorate e.g. the house, in preparation for a birthday party
๋‚ด๋…„ next year Take note not to use ๋‹ค์Œ with ๋…„. This is special, like how ๋‚ด์ผ is "tomorrow". However, you still need ์— as a particle for time, e.g. ๋‚ด๋…„์— ๊ฒฐํ˜ผํ•  ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”.
๋‚ดํ›„๋…„ the year after next Or you can say 2๋…„ ํ›„ (์ด ๋…„ ํ›„), which is literally "2 years later".
๊ฒฐํ˜ผํ•˜๋‹ค to get married ็ตๅฉš. ๊ฒฐํ˜ผ sounds more like [๊ฒจ๋ก ]... Not sure if it's [๊ฒจ๋กœ๋‚˜๋‹ค].
๋ฐ˜์ง€ ring
๊ฒฐํ˜ผ๋ฐ˜์ง€ wedding ring
๋นŒ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค to rent
์›จ๋”ฉ๋“œ๋ ˆ์Šค wedding dress
ํ”„๋Ÿฌํฌ์ฆˆ๋ฅผ ํ•˜๋‹ค to propose
์ง luggage
์ง์„ ์‹ธ๋‹ค to pack luggage
๊ฐ€์ด๋“œ๋ณต travel guide book
๋ฆฌํฌํŠธ report
๋‚ด๋‹ค to submit e.g. a report

About the Title

It's based on the 2 grammar points for today, and also the fact that I was procrastinating to write this.

  1. The teacher called these the "particles without meaning" but I don't really understand why, because to me they have meaning in that they indicate the topic, object, or subject in a sentence. I guess maybe she meant that they are "meaningless" when translated into English. That is, that there isn't a word for them when translated, while for ์— and ์—์„œ, they might be translated as "at", "on", etc. โ†ฉ

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