Lesson 44 (Beginner 3A Lesson 4): End Chapter 11

Note: I realised today that the footnote linking on Listed is broken after making an edit to Lesson 42. This seems to affect even older posts, so I don't think it's something that is only affecting new posts. Ah, well.

A delayed post, one student didn't attend. The one whose English name I still don't know, but whose Korean name is that of the previous teacher.

It's unfortunately been too long since the lesson for me to remember the contents. So this is with reference. We mostly completed the textbook speaking, listening, and even reading, and then started on vocab for Chapter 12.

For the writing which was homework, we had to decide which one to pick at the time when we touched on the reading. I picked one though I wasn't really that committed to anything. At the end of the lesson the teacher said she wanted all 4 of the advice column topics to be written. Since I had picked the same thing as another student, the teacher asked me and the other student who picked the same topic to basically scissors-paper-stone or its equivalent to decide who does the original topic and who does the unpicked topic. (Actually 2 pairs picked 2 of the same topics but she chose me and the other person who picked the topic on improving pronunciation.) So I forfeited but I think the other student misunderstood and was nice and said she could try the (unpicked) topic. I hope I cleared it up. Anyway, we were supposed to post this to KakaoTalk group chat and no one has done it yet. The teacher sent us a reminder this morning.

Culture Note

The culture note was on traditional home remedies for sickness. The textbook covers four:

  1. When you have any nose symptoms (e.g. running nose), then you should take a spring onion and put it on your nose.
  2. If your throat hurts, gargle with salt water.
  3. If you have a cough, you should grind radishes and drink the juice.
  4. If you have body aches due to a cold, you should massage behind your neck.

The teacher said she had never heard of the first one until she saw it in the textbook. The second is common; I know that one too. The teacher said she heard of the third one as well, but never tried it.

The discussion question was on home remedies for colds in our country. Someone mentioned Vicks, first someone said to put it in hot water and inhale it, and that reminded me of when the doctor said to do that with just hot water. Usually if I used Vicks it's more for a blocked nose? Anyway it's a kind of cream that has the cooling sensation after a while. It also has a strong medicinal smell.

The teacher heard of Vicks but she only knows of the candy, so intially I think she didn't realise that this Vicks cream is inedible, so that took some explanation. They do have a candy for sore throat too.

The teacher also asked about... basically, charcoal pills. I forgot how she said it but we all realised she meant charcoal pills. Those are for diarrhoea, but I never thought it was a kind of home remedy? Another student (the other new student who isn't new anymore, but comparatively) said you could take 100 Plus for diarrhoea. I've never heard of that one.

Pronunciation

The pronunciation rules this chapter aren't anything new, they're something we've seen before, and have to do with the pronunciation of 'ใ…Ž'.

  1. If ใ…Ž is the final consonant, and the next syllable starts with ใ„ฑ, ใ„ท, ใ…ˆ, ใ…‚, then you don't pronounce the ใ…Ž, and the next syllable's initial consonants are pronounced as their aspirated forms ใ…‹, ใ…Œ, ใ…Š, ใ….
    • ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ [์–ด๋– ์ผ€]
    • ์ข‹๋‹ค [์กฐํƒ€]
  2. If ใ…Ž is the initial consonant of a syllable that comes after a syllable that ends with ใ„ฑ, ใ„ท, ใ…‚, then the syllable is pronounced with ใ…‹, ใ…Œ, ใ… instead of ใ…Ž, and the batchim isn't pronounced with the preceding consonant.
    • ๋ฐฑํ™”์  [๋ฐฐ์ฝฐ์ ]
    • ๋ชปํ•ด์š” [๋ชจํƒœ์š”]

The important thing to note in the second rule is that "ending with ใ„ท" means any of the family of ใ„ท sounds, so as you see with ๋ชปํ•ด์š” [๋ชจํƒœ์š”].

The textbook doesn't actually include ใ…‚ in the first list, and doesn't include ใ…ˆ in the second. Since the teacher only mentioned ใ…‚, I didn't include ใ…ˆ in the second list above. I actually have a feeling that it should apply too... the teacher said that it applies to all consonants with the aspirated strong sound, though that was made at the start and it's ambiguous enough to apply only to the first rule. Regardless, when I stumble upon an example, then I'll (hopefully remember to) update this.

Vocabulary

Korean English Notes
์กฐ์–ธ advice
์‹ธ์šฐ๋‹ค to fight ๋‚จ์ž ์นœ๊ตฌ์™€ ์‹ธ์› ์–ด์š”.
์™ธ๊ตญ foreign country
์ „ํ™”๋ฒˆํ˜ธ phone number
ํœด๋Œ€ํฐ ๋ฒˆํ˜ธ cellphone number ํ•ธ๋“œํฐ is common in spoken language.
๋ฌธ์ž text Not just text message, but text. Sino-Korean word from ๆ–‡ๅญ—.
๋ฌธ์ž๋ฅผ ๋ฐ›๋‹ค to receive a text message
๋ฌธ์ž๋ฅผ ๋ณด๋‚ด๋‹ค to send a text message
์ „ํ™”๋ฅผ ๋ฐ›๋‹ค to answer the phone
์ „ํ™”(๋ฅผ) ํ•˜๋‹ค to phone to make a call or to talk on the phone
์‚ฌ๊ณ ๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜๋‹ค an accident occurs Here, ๋‚˜๋‹ค means "to happen". In the last chapter, we learnt one of the other meanings, which is "to come out".
๋ถˆ์ด ๋‚˜๋‹ค a fire breaks out ๋ถˆ = fire
๋„๋‘‘์ด ๋“ค๋‹ค a burglar breaks in ๋“ค๋‹ค means "to enter". Its present tense polite form is the same as "to listen", which is ๋“ค์–ด์š”. If you heard a burglar, it would be ๋„๋‘‘์„ ๋“ค์–ด์š”. But if the burglar heard you, then it is the same as a burglar breaking in: ๋„๋‘‘์ด ๋“ค์–ด์š”.
๋Šฆ์ž  oversleeping ๋Šฆ์ž ์„ ์ž๋‹ค. Not to be confused with nap (๋‚ฎ์ง).
์‚ฌ๋ฌด์‹ค office
์žฅ์†Œ place
์—ฌํ–‰์‚ฌ travel agency
์ผ matter ์ผ is a word with many meanings, we already know it can mean "work" or "one" (the number). More generally it can refer to a matter. To ask "What's up?" you would say ๋ฌด์Šจ ์ผ์ด์—์š”? To say you have something on (without getting too specific) you can say ์ผ์ด ์žˆ์–ด์š”, but this can be mistaken as you have work. Typically, when using ์ผ to mean "matter" and not "work" you add ์ข€: ์ผ์ด ์ข€ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. (I have something on.)
์กฐ๊ธˆ ์ „ a little while ago
์กฐ๊ธˆ ํ›„ after a little while
์•„๊นŒ a while ago
์ด๋”ฐ later
๋‹ค๋ฅธ (+ N) another other, different, etc. Examples: ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์š”์ผ, ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‹œ๊ฐ„, ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ... For something unspecified: ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๊ฑฐ
๊ทธ๋Ÿผ์š”. Sure.
์—ฌ๋ณด์„ธ์š”. Hello. (on the phone)
์ „ํ™”๋ฒˆํ˜ธ๊ฐ€ ๋ช‡ ๋ฒˆ์ด์—์š”? / ์ „ํ™”๋ฒˆํ˜ธ๊ฐ€ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ๋˜์„ธ์š”? What is your phone number? You use the second (honorific) version with a boss/senior.
์‹ค๋ก€์ง€๋งŒ ๋ˆ„๊ตฌ์„ธ์š”? Excuse me, but who's calling, please? Since you don't know who is calling, you would tend to err on the side of being more polite, and use the honorific form.
์ € ๋‚˜๋‚˜์˜ˆ์š”. This is Nana. Over the phone, you would not use the topic particle ์€/๋Š” to identify yourself.

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