August 13, 2021•970 words
Started the lesson going through the common mistakes for the test. This time, it was going through only the oral components.
I checked my score after the lesson (even though the teacher had sent the report earlier in the day), and it turned out that I scored full marks for listening, which was surprising. I had guessed at least 1–2 of them.
We started on Chapter 9, which is the last chapter of the SNU 2A textbook. We covered the vocabulary and first 3 grammar points in the handout. Then, we went through the Quizlet word set (not the entire set, I think only up to 17 or 19), and then we did textbook p.202–203.
1. A-(으)ㄴ데요, V-는데요, N인데요
There are two main uses for this:
- To convey information about a certain situation and wait for the listener’s response.
- To reject/disagree politely because it has the effect of making a phrase sound softer than the present tense form -아/어요.
The first is used a lot in telephone conversations, which ties nicely with this chapter which has to do with communications.
Basically, when you use this form in the first case, the conversation is not over, and you expect the listener to say something else in response to what you had just said.
|받침 X||받침 O|
|A||크다 → 큰데요||작다 → 작은데요|
|V||가다 → 가는데요||읽다 → 읽는데요|
|N||친구 → 친구인데요||학생 → 학생인데요|
For past tense forms, you add -는데요:
- 친절했는데요 (친절하다 = adjective)
- 편했는데요 (편하다 = adjective)
Example (Usage 1):
- 가: 이 우산 좀 빌려 주세요.
- 나: 이거 제 우산이 아닌데요.
Example (Usage 2):
- 가: 시간 있으면 커피 한 잔 할까요?
- 나: 미안해요. 오늘은 일이 많은데요.
2. V-는 중이다, N중이다
This is used to indicate something is in progress.
|받침 X||받침 O|
|V||가다 → 가는 중이다||읽다 → 읽는 중이다|
|N||회의 → 회의중이다||수업 → 수업중이다|
If you have a 하다 verb (formed by N + 하다), then you can use either:
- 공사 중이다
- = 공사하는 중이다
How is this different from V-고 있다? They are used in similar ways.
V-고 있다 has no restrictions on which subjects it can be used with, but V-는 중이다 cannot be used with subjects representing natural phenomena such as snow (눈) or rain (비). (This is why V-고 있다 was taught first; it has no restrictions on its use.)
- 비가 오고 있어요. (O)
- 비가 오는 중이에요. (X)
3. A-(으)ㄴ가요?, V-나요?, N인가요?
This is used to ask questions. These are gentler than using the present tense -아/어요 forms.
|받침 X||받침 O|
|A||비싸다 → 비싼가요?||좋다 → 좋은가요?|
|V||가다 → 가나요?||읽다 → 읽나요?|
|N||친구 → 친구인가요?||학생 → 학생인가요?|
Of note is that the adjectives that end with -있다/없다 and also the past tense -았/었- essentially act like verbs and combine with 나요? instead.
- 이 영화가 재미없나요?
- 어제 시험이 어려웠나요?
|외국인을 위한 수업||a class for foreigners|
|저를 위한 선물||a present for me|
|다도 체험||tea ceremony experience|
|끊다||to cut off|
|게임을 끊다||to quit playing games|
|술을 끊다||to quit drinking|
|통역하다||to interpret (spoken)|
|번역하다||to translate (written document)|
|궁금하다||to be curious|
|새로 이사한 집||new house (that we moved to)|
|전화를 걸다||to make a call|
|통화를 하다||to talk on the phone|
|전화가 오다||to have a phone call|
|전화를 끊다||to hang up the phone|
|전화를 받다||to answer the phone|
|문자를 보내다||to send a text message|
|전화를 바꾸다||to give the phone to someone else|
|문자를 받다||to receive a text message|
|문자를 지우다||to delete a text message|
|여자 친구를 위한 선물||gift for my girlfriend|
|국악||Korean classical music||国乐|
|남다||to be left||10분(이) 남았어요|
|말씀하시다||to say (honorific expression)|
- Worksheet chapter 9, p. 160–167
- Quizlet Chapter 9 word set
- Students: 5 out of 5
- Breakout room activities: Yes, for the revision sheet only. Same group for both exercises (split 3/2).