Lesson 49 (Beginner 3B Lesson 1): Wake-Up Call

My sense that my grasp of the language was slipping was true, though I'd ignored it for longer than I'd like to admit.

We did the Quizlet this lesson and boy, oh, boy, it was fantastic in showing me all the gaps in my knowledge. The problem is due to the way I added all the new Memrise-imported decks straight into my main "Everything" deck. That ended up with those cards being prioritised over the Korean cards that I had added, usually in a subdeck when I'm doing that chapter, before being merged to the parent deck once that chapter is over (and all the words have been learnt).

I've since fixed/temporarily solved the problem by creating another parent deck and putting the old "Everything" deck under that, and making sure the Korean deck for the chapter is before that one. I've started also revising with Quizlet as I think the next test is as near as 2 weeks away.

This is probably the second or third wake-up call. I guess I am bound to have one before every test at the least.

Grammar

3. V-์•„/์–ด ์ฃผ๋‹ค

This is used to indicate when the subject of a sentences does something or offers a service to someone else.

์ฃผ๋‹ค by itself means "to give", so it's as though someone is giving you something by completing a certain action.

Conjugation-wise, conjugate to the informal polite, drop the polite ์š”, and then attach the appropriate conjugated form of ์ฃผ๋‹ค.

Most of the examples that we saw are with ์ฃผ์„ธ์š” as you are requesting a favour from someone.

Examples:

  1. ์‚ฌ์ง„ ์ข€ ์ฐ์–ด ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. = Please take a photo for me.
  2. ๋„์™€์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. = Help me.
    • This is verb special, in that there is no space between the verb and ์ฃผ๋‹ค.
  3. ์š”์ฆ˜ ๋‚˜๋‚˜ ์”จ๊ฐ€ ์ค‘๊ตญ์–ด๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€๋ฅด์ณ ์ค˜์š”. = These days Nana is teaching me Chinese. (Present informal polite)
  4. ์–ด๋จธ๋‹ˆ๊ฐ€ ์ฑ…์„ ์ฝ์–ด ์คฌ์–ด์š”. Mother read the book to me. (Past informal polite)

4. N(์œผ)๋กœ + ๊ฐ€๋‹ค/์˜ค๋‹ค

This is used to indicate the direction of movement. It is translated as "to" or "towards" and is used with ๊ฐ€๋‹ค or ์˜ค๋‹ค (to go and to come respectively).

You add ๋กœ if there is no Batchim (or if the Batchim is ใ„น) and ์œผ๋กœ whenever there is Batchim.

(If I'm not mistaken, this ใ„น rule existed for some of the other grammars that we've learned, but those were attaching after verbs, not nouns, and there aren't many verbs we've seen that end with ใ„น, which is probably why this is the first time this is highlighted.)

You can attach it to directions and places.

Examples:

  • ์ด์ชฝ์œผ๋กœ (this way)
  • ์™ผ์ชฝ์˜ค๋กœ (to the left)
  • 1์ธต์˜ค๋กœ (to the 1st floor)
  • ์œ„๋กœ (up)
  • ๊ต์‹ค๋กœ (towards the classroom)

Then what is the difference between N(์œผ)๋กœ ๊ฐ€๋‹ค and N์— ๊ฐ€๋‹ค?

The former has a focus on the direction, while the latter focuses on the destination. While you can use places with both expressions, you cannot use a direction with N์— ๊ฐ€๋‹ค in most cases because it is not the final destination:

  • ์˜ค๋ฅธ์ชฝ์œผ๋กœ ๊ฐ€์„ธ์š”. (O)
  • ์˜ค๋ฅธ์ชฝ์— ๊ฐ€์„ธ์š”. (X) - Because the right side is not the final destination.

Vocabulary

Korean English Notes
์ผœ๋‹ค to switch on; to turn on e.g. electric appliances such as air conditioner, TV, radio, and lights
๋„๋‹ค to switch off; to turn off
์ดˆ๋Œ€์žฅ invitation card
์ดˆ๋Œ€ invitation
์™ผ์ชฝ left side
์˜ค๋ฅธ์ชฝ right side
1์ธต 1st floor [์ผ์ธต]
์ง€ํ•˜1์ธต Basement 1
ํƒ์‹œ ๊ธฐ์‚ฌ taxi driver

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