Lesson 48 (Beginner 3A Lesson 8): I planned to write this post

The class today had only 3 of us students. The student with the same Korean name as the other Korean teacher, my friend, and I. She was late, so when the lesson started it was just my friend and I. At the end of the class, the teacher said that the other newer student will be tranferring to the Wednesday class, and that this student also can't attend every Saturday, so I think she's transferring to another class. I am not sure but the way the teacher said goodbye makes me think that the class is taught by another teacher, since our teacher said that she might see this student in the Wednesday or Saturday classes if she does make-up class. So from next week, the class will be back to 4 of us that were from the previous teacher's class.

We continued with Chapter 13 vocabulary, and then did the first 2 grammar points. Everything was from the handout; we did not touch the textbook today.

Grammar

1. V-(์œผ)๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋‹ค

This is used to indicate intention, desire, or a plan to do a certain action. The teacher said that in higher levels, we would continue to see more of ๋ ค๊ณ , and every time we see it, it will be used to indicate some sort of intention or plan.

This does have a past tense, you could say ... ๋ ค๊ณ  ํ–ˆ์–ด์š” to indicate that you had planned to do something in the past. Though given this construct, it's likely that you will follow up with something along the lines of "but I was too busy" (and so I did not).

To conjugate, nothing new. You take the basic form as with the other ์œผ verbs, such as -(์œผ)์„ธ์š” and -(์œผ)ใ„น ๊นŒ์š”?. (As a reminder, only if you see ์•„/์–ด then do you not take the basic form.)

And as with anything with the optional thing in brackets, you know that you need to check for batchim. If there is batchim, that's when you add the optional part. If there isn't, then you don't have to add it.

Examples:

  1. ํ•˜๊ต์— ๊ฐ€๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•ด์š”. (I plan to go to school.)
  2. ์ง‘์—์„œ ๋ฐฅ์„ ๋จน์œผ๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•ด์š”. (I plan to eat at home.)
  3. ์–ด์ œ ์ˆ˜์˜ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. (I planned to go swimming yesterday.)

The difference between this and the future tense V-(์œผ)ใ„น ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š” is that the future tense is used generically to express a future event.

On the other hand, V-(์œผ)๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋‹ค has more emphasis on the intent.

Notably, you can use V-(์œผ)๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋‹ค with the past tense as demonstrated, because you can used it to talk of your intentions in the past. However, it is impossible to use the future tense with past events.

2. N์—์„œ N๊นŒ์ง€

These look familiar, don't they?

N์—์„œ was seen all the way back in Lesson 13 and was used to indicate where an actiion was taking place.

We saw ๊นŒ์ง€ used with time, and it appeared together with ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ back in Lesson 39.

Here, we see another (but related) use for both of these:

  1. ์—์„œ is used to specify a starting point (location) for physical movement.
  2. ๊นŒ์ง€ is used to specify an ending point (location) for physical movement.

Again, like N๋ถ€ํ„ฐ N๊นŒ์ง€ with time, it is possible to use them on their own, though they frequently are used together.

Examples:

  1. ์ง‘์—์„œ ํ•™๊ต๊นŒ์ง€ ๊ฐ€๊นŒ์›Œ์š”. (It is near from my house to the school.)
  2. ๊ณต์›์—์„œ ๋ณ‘์›๊นŒ์ง€ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ๊ฐ€์š”? (How do you get from the park to the hospital?)
  3. ์–ด๋Š ๋‚˜๋ผ์—์„œ ์™”์–ด์š”? (Which country do you come from?)
  4. ์ˆ˜์˜์žฅ๊นŒ์ง€ (์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด) ์–ผ์•„๋‹ˆ ๊ฑธ๋ ค์š”? (How far is it to the swimming pool?)

Important to take note that with time, you have to use ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ and not ์—์„œ. If I had a pitfalls/things to watch out for section this would go in it.

Vocabulary

Korean English Notes
์—ญ station
์ •๋ฅ˜์žฅ [์ •๋‰ด์žฅ] stop, stand ๋ฒ„์Šค ์ •๋ฅ˜์žฅ = bus stop; ํƒ์‹œ ์ •๋ฅ˜์žฅ = taxi stand
์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ how long
(์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด) ๊ฑธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค to take (time) 5๋ถ„(์ด) ๊ฑธ๋ ค์š”. = to take 5 minutes (์˜ค ๋ถ„); 1์‹œ๊ฐ„ ๊ฑธ๋ ค์š”. = to take 1 hour. (ํ•œ ์‹œ๊ฐ„)
๋ฉ€๋‹ค to be far
๊ฐ€๊น๋‹ค to be near
์•Œ์•„๋ณด๋‹ค to look into; to find out; to check (e.g. price) literally, to know + to see combined.
๋‹ซ๋‹ค to close e.g. a door
์—ด๋‹ค to open
๋•๋‹ค to help ๋„์™€์š” is the informal present tense, it's irregular. I've seen it before in Duolingo.
ํŽธ๋ฆฌํ•˜๋‹ค [ํŽผ๋ฆฌํ•˜๋‹ค] to be convenient
๋ถˆํŽธํ•˜๋‹ค to be inconvenient
์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค to use ไฝฟ็”จ (as with all Hanja, to change into a verb, requires ํ•˜๋‹ค). The native Korean term is ์“ฐ๋‹ค (yes, same as "to write").
์„ธ์šฐ๋‹ค to stop (something) to stop something moving, such as a car. You would use this to tell the taxi to stop so you can alight.
์‹ ํ˜ธ๋“ฑ traffic light ไฟกๅท (signal) + ็ฏ (lamp)
์š”๊ธˆ fare ๆ–™้‡‘
์น ํŒ blackboard/whiteboard Same word for both.
๊นŽ๋‹ค to discount Back in Chapter 5, we learnt the phrase ๊นŽ์•„ ์ฃผ์„ธ์š” which means "Please give me a discount" and which my teacher at the time said that she would never use in real life. (I think because she thinks it's quite a daring thing, I guess.)
N ์•ˆ์— within, in 10๋ถ„ ์•ˆ์— = within 10 minutes; ์ง‘ ์•ˆ์— = in the house
N ๊ทผ์ฒ˜ near + N e.g. ์ง‘ ๊ทผ์ฒ˜. The difference between this and ๊ฐ€๊น๋‹ค is that this one requires a noun (place), while the other doesn't need a place and can be used to end a sentence. The teacher said this one is similar to Chinese ้™„่ฟ‘ but the other one is more like ๏ผˆๅพˆ๏ผ‰่ฟ‘. (She said ๅพˆ่ฟ‘ but I guess it's more just ่ฟ‘ because... well, her Chinese isn't that great - not that mine is anything amazing - and ๅพˆ means "very".)

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