Lesson 70 (Intermediate 1A Lesson 8): I think this is better than that

The publishing of this post was slightly delayed since Listed was down again the same day (after I'd published the post for Lesson 69). It was also down when I was writing Lesson 69's post.

We ended chapter 3 by finishing up in the textbook (Listening & Speaking, Culture Note, Pronunciation), then started on Chapter 4.

For the Chapter 4 vocab, there was some additional pointers on the verbs related to wearing items, which I've included in the notes next to the respective verbs.

This chapter only has 3 grammar points instead of the usual 4, and we covered 2 of them in this lesson.

In the week leading up to this lesson, we received the notes for required for next term (for Chapters 4 to 6). The invoice was given the week before. From there, I can tell that we are going to have a test after Chapter 4 is done. If we add in a revision lesson, I would hazard a guess that the test is in 4 weeks, but it's possible (depending on how much we cover next week) it may be even be as soon as in 3 weeks. ๐Ÿ˜ฑ

Listening and Speaking

There were some locations in Korea discussed in the first part. I am including them because it's a kind of cultural note.

Although the textbook mentions the places are in Korea, they are all specifically found in Seoul. The Hanok Village is also referring to the one found in Seoul.1

  1. ํ•œ์˜ฅ๋งˆ์„ (Hanok Village)
  2. ํ•œ๊ฐ•๊ณต์› (Hangang [Han River] Park)
  3. ์ฒญ๊ณ„์ฒœ (Cheonggyecheon)
  4. ์—ฌ์˜๋„๊ณต์› (Yeouido Park)

Culture Note

The first part in the textbook mentions a "Korean Wave", but we didn't talk about it.

As with the previous chapters in this book, we took turns reading the passage, which was about someone entering a Korean singing contest that they didn't win.

The part we were supposed to share was on any favourite Korean song or movie (or even drama), but I had none. (If there's anything of Korean origin that I read, it's webtoons.)

Pronunciation

Recall the pronunciation of the initial consonant ใ…Ž when after a final consonant that has an aspirated version.

The sound becomes that of the stronger aspirated consonant version:

  • ๋ฐฑํ™”์  [๋ฐฐ์ฝฐ์ ] as [ใ„ฑ] + [ใ…Ž] โ†’ [ใ…‹]
  • ๋ชปํ•ด์š” [๋ชจํƒœ์š”] as [ใ„ท] + [ใ…Ž]โ†’ [ใ…Œ]
    • ใ…… is [ใ„ท] when it is the final consonant.

The pronunciation for this chapter is about when the final consonant before ใ…Ž does not have a double consonant version (or if there's no final consonant).

When the initial consonant 'ใ…Ž' is positioned between vowels or after the final consonants 'ใ„ด, ใ„น, ใ…, ใ…‡', the pronunciation of 'ใ…Ž' becomes much weaker.

  • ์€ํ–‰ ~[์œผ๋ƒ‰]2
  • ์˜ํ™” ~[์˜์™€]
  • ๊ฒฐํ˜ผ ~[๊ฒจ๋ก ]

Grammar

1. A-(์œผ)ใ„ด/V-๋Š”/N-์ธ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™๋‹ค

This is used to express conjecture or presumption.

It is frequently used by Koreans when they want to express their opinion in a more gentle way. Instead of saying that something "is expensive" (๋น„์‹ธ๋„ค์š”!), they would say it as "I think it is expensive" or "it seems expensive" (๋น„์‹ผ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์•„์š”.)

Conjugation is similar to last chapter's third grammar point.

Examples:

  1. ์ˆ˜๋ฏธ๋Š” ์š”์ฆ˜ (์•ˆ) ๋ฐ”์œ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์•„์š”.
    • I (don't) think Sumi is busy these days.)
  2. ์ง€๊ธˆ ๋ฐ–์— ๋น„๊ฐ€ (์•ˆ) ์˜ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์•„์š”.
    • I (don't) think it is raining outside now.
      • A scenario could be you are inside the shopping centre where there aren't any windows, but you see people holding wet umbrellas. Then you might conclude that it could be raining outside.
  3. ์ € ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ์ง€์—ฐ ์”จ ๋™์ƒ์ธ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์•„์š”.
    • It seems like that person is Jiyeon's younger sibling.
  4. ์•„๋‹Œ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์•„์š”. (์•„๋‹ˆ๋‹ค)
    • I don't think so.
  5. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์•„์š”. (๊ทธ๋ ‡๋‹ค)
    • I think so.

Pronunciation

While the correct way is ๊ฐ™์•„์š”, in spoken language, it is sometimes pronounced as ๊ฐ™์• ์š” [๊ฐ€ํƒœ์š”].

Questions

  1. ์–ด๋–ค ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์•„์š”?
    • (Asking about state, how a person looks to be feeling)
  2. ๋ญ ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์•„์š”?
    • (Asking about an action)

2. N๋ณด๋‹ค

This is used when comparing two or more things or people.

In English, you would use "than".

๋ณด๋‹ค is attached to the second noun being compared. You use the subject marker ์ด/๊ฐ€ for the first noun (which is the subject).

However, that doesn't mean the first noun must appear before the second noun in the sentence. We use the markers to distinguish them, not their place in the sentence.

Examples

  1. ์˜ค๋Š˜์ด ์–ด์ œ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋”์›Œ์š”. (Today is hotter than yesterday.)
    • = ์–ด์ œ๋ณด๋‹ค ์˜ค๋Š˜์ด ๋”์›Œ์š”.
  2. ์›”์š”์ผ๋ณด๋‹ค ํ™”์š”์ผ์ด ๋” ๋ฐ”๋น ์š”. (I am busier on Tuesday than Monday./Compared to Monday, I am busier on Tuesday.)
    • = ํ™”์š”์ผ์ด ์›”์š”์ผ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋” ๋ฐ”๋น ์š”.
  3. ์น˜ํ‚จ๋ผ์ด์Šค๋ณด๋‹ค ์น ๋ฆฌํฌ๋žฉ์„ ๋” ์ข‹์•„ํ•ด์š”. (I prefer chilli crab to chicken rice.)
    • = ์น ๋ฆฌํฌ๋žฉ์„ ์น˜ํ‚จ๋ผ์ด์Šค๋ณด๋‹ค ๋” ์ข‹์•„ํ•ด์š”.

I am not very sure about any difference in meaning when ๋” ("more") is used compared to when it is omitted. In the first sentence, the sentence is translated with "hotter" even without ๋” as the ๋ณด๋‹ค implies there is a comparison. I wonder if it's an emphasis thing?

Vocabulary

Korean English Notes
์œ ๋Ÿฝ Europe From textbook, skipped page.
๋‚™ํƒ€ camel From textbook, skipped page.
๋ธ”๋ผ์šฐ์Šค blouse
์Šค์›จํ„ฐ sweater
์–‘๋ณต suit
ํ‹ฐ์…”์ธ  T-shirt
์ฒญ๋ฐ”์ง€ jeans
์–‘๋ง socks
๋„ฅํƒ€์ด tie necktie
์žฅ๊ฐ‘ gloves
์Šค์นดํ”„ scarf thin material
์‚ฌ์ด์ฆˆ size
๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ price
์ƒ‰๊น” colour
๊ธธ์ด length ๊ธธ๋‹ค means "to be long". This structure exists also for ๋†’๋‹ค (to be high), ๋†’์ด refers to height (though not for people)
์ข€ ํฌ๋‹ค to be a little big
์ข€ ์ž‘๋‹ค to be a little small
์ž˜ ๋งž๋‹ค to fit well This is a verb. V-๋Š” form ๋งž๋Š” should be familiar from listening tests...
๋ฐ๋‹ค to be bright
์–ด๋‘ก๋‹ค to be dark
๊ธธ๋‹ค to be long
์งง๋‹ค to be short
๋งˆ์Œ์— ๋“ค๋‹ค to like literally, to enter one's heart
๋งˆ์Œ์— ์•ˆ ๋“ค๋‹ค to not like
์ž˜ ์–ด์šธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค to match well
์ž˜ ์•ˆ ์–ด์šธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค to not match well
๊ตํ™˜ํ•˜๋‹ค to exchange ไบคๆ›
ํ™˜๋ถˆํ•˜๋‹ค to refund ้€€่ฟ˜
์œ ํ–‰ํ•˜๋‹ค to be in fashion ๆต่กŒ. This one's a verb. ์œ ํ–‰์ด๋‹ค = to be prevalent, widespread
์ž…๋‹ค to wear (clothes)
์“ฐ๋‹ค to wear (hat, glasses)
์‹ ๋‹ค to wear (footwear) For shoes, socks.
ํ•˜๋‹ค to wear (tie, necklace) For accessories. This is much more flexible than the three above which we have learnt before. For example you can use ํ•˜๋‹ค instead of ๋งค๋‹ค for ties.
๋งค๋‹ค to tie For ties. Not in textbook.
์ฐจ๋‹ค to put on For watch. Not in textbook.
๋ผ๋‹ค to wear (gloves, ring, glasses) That's right, this works for glasses as well. ๋ผ๋‹ค is used for items that "fit on the body perfectly", such as gloves, rings, or even glasses, where you have to check whether the size fits. Contact lenses as well.
๋ฒ—๋‹ค to take off For items where you would use ์ž…๋‹ค, ์“ฐ๋‹ค, or ์‹ ๋‹ค.
ํ’€๋‹ค to take off For items where you would use ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋งค๋‹ค, or ์ฐจ๋‹ค. This means "to untie" or "to unroll" (remember the culture note from Chapter 16?), and implies the action of taking off is not so easy.
๋นผ๋‹ค to take off For items where you would use ๋ผ๋‹ค. Implies something that can be taken off easily. It also means "to exclude".
๋ Œ์Šค lens
๋ชฉ๊ฑธ์ด necklace
๋†’์ด height
๋งˆ์Œ์ด ์•„ํ”„๋‹ค to be heartbroken ๋งˆ์Œ์ด ์•„ํ”ˆ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์•„์š”.
๋ฏธ์น˜๋‹ค to be crazy ๋ฏธ์นœ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์•„์š”.
๋‹ต๋‹ตํ•˜๋‹ค to be frustrated ๋‹ต๋‹ตํžŒ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์•„์š”.
๊ฒฐํ˜ผ์‹ wedding ceremony
ํ•ด์–ด์ง€๋‹ค to break up

Stats

  • Students: 5 (1 absent due to work - the one who's younger than me)
  • Breakout room activities: No (possibly related to technical issues with the teacher's computer)

  1. Through some research of my own, I'm pretty sure the image in the textbook is of the Bukchon Hanok Village, specifically, of Gahoe-dong Alley (Harmony) looking up (or Uphill). This is based on a picture found in The Seoul Guideโ†ฉ

  2. Interestingly enough, when the textbook writes out the pronunciation of the weaker 'ใ…Ž', it is still written as ใ…Ž. For example ์€ํ–‰ is still [์€ํ–‰], even though 'ใ…Ž' is weakened until it almost sounds like [์œผ๋ƒ‰]. I choose to write it as the latter to make clear there is a difference, even if it may not be "correct". โ†ฉ


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