Lesson 59 (Beginner 4A Lesson 3): I will do ~; I am going (in order) to ~

A lesson after a two-week break is always a tiny bit nerve-wrecking for me. There were only 4 of us this lesson; both of the newer students didn't attend. The newest student had informed the teacher, but the other one had not. It seems that the girl is staying in our class since she was in the lesson.

We started out with vocabulary revision using Quizlet Live. The first 2 rounds were in groups (pairs), while the last 2 were individual.

Naturally, that meant that there was some additional revision. The exercise we did last lesson on saying what we can do is taken from the textbook. We sort of did it again. "Sort of" because the teacher did let me off in the end, and I didn't have to come up with something when I was the last, when we went round robin. I only had to answer the question.

The other speaking activities we did were in relation to the grammar that we learnt in the lesson.

For the second grammar point of the chapter, it was the birthday party exercise from the textbook (p. 178). We each had to ask and someone had to volunteer and answer with ... ๊ฒŒ์š”. At the start, no one did, so the person who asked had to do it: ์—†์–ด์š”? ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ์ œ๊ฐ€ ... ๊ฒŒ์š”.

For the third grammar point of the chapter, we had to come up with what we did, and then after one round of that, it was what we were going to do.

Fortunately the homework for this week was just the workbook, so I'd completed it within the same day.

Grammar

2. V-(์œผ)ใ„น๊ฒŒ์š”

Translated, this is "I will do ~" or "let me do ~".

It is used to express the speaker's strong intention or promise to the listener to do a certain action, as a result of hearing what the listener has said.

As such, it can only be used with a first person subject (singular or plural), and only for statements (not questions).

For the conjugation:

  • ๋ฐ›์นจ O + -์„๊ฒŒ์š”
    • Examples: ์ฝ์„๊ฒŒ์š” (์ฝ๋‹ค), ๋ฐ›์„๊ฒŒ์š” (๋ฐ›๋‹ค), ...
  • ๋ฐ›์นจ X, ใ„น + -ใ„น๊ฒŒ์š”
    • Examples: ๊ฐˆ๊ฒŒ์š” (๊ฐ€๋‹ค), ๋งŒ๋“ค๊ฒŒ์š” (๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค), ...

Examples:

    • ๊ฐ€: ๋‚ด์ผ ์ผ์ฐ ์˜ค์„ธ์š”. (Please come early tomorrow.)
    • ๋‚˜: ๋„ค, ์ผ์ฐ ์˜ฌ๊ฒŒ์š”. (Yes, I will come early.)
    • ๊ฐ€: ์ „ํ™”๊ฐ€ ์˜ค๋„ค์š”. ์ „ํ™” ์ข€ ๋ฐ›์•„ ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. (There is a call. Please answer the phone.)
    • ๋‚˜: ๋„ค, ์ œ๊ฐ€ ๋ฐ›์„๊ฒŒ์š”. (I will answer.)
    • ๊ฐ€: ๋ˆ„๊ฐ€ ์ผ€์ดํฌ์„ ๋งŒ๋“ค ๊ฑฐ์—์š”? (Who will make the cake?)
    • ๋‚˜: ์ œ๊ฐ€ ๋งŒ๋“ค๊ฒŒ์š”.(I will make it.)

Comparison with Future Tense

How does this compare with the future tense V-(์œผ)ใ„น ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”?

For V-(์œผ)ใ„น๊ฒŒ์š”, there is a relationship with the listener and the subject's intention or thought is expressed while taking the listener into consideration.

Let's look at one of the earlier examples.

  • ๊ฐ€: ๋‚ด์ผ ์ผ์ฐ ์˜ค์„ธ์š”. (Please come early tomorrow.)
  • ๋‚˜: ๋„ค, ์ผ์ฐ ์˜ฌ๊ฒŒ์š”. (Yes, I will come early.)

In this situation, the speaker ๋‚˜ did not intend to come early at first. But after hearing what the other person has said, he decides on the spot to do something. The decision to come early is related to what was said before.

By contrast, say if you had this exchange (which uses the future tense V-(์œผ)ใ„น ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”):

  • ๊ฐ€: ๋‚ด์ผ ์ผ์ฐ ์˜ฌ ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. (I will come early tomorrow.)
  • ๋‚˜: ๊ทธ๋ž˜์š”? ์•Œ์•˜์–ด์š”. (Really? I see.)

Here, there is no relationship with the listener. The subject's intention or plan is expressed unidirectionally. That is, he has already decided that he is going to come early and is sharing this fact to the listener. It is not based on anything the listener said.

Usage Notes

This is a summary of what has been said.

  1. This expression can only be used with verbs that express the will of the subject. It cannot be used with adjectives, or verbs where the subject cannot be the first person (e.g. ๋น„๊ฐ€ ์˜ค๋‹ค, where the rain is not due to your intention).
  2. Only subjects in the first person can be used. In other cases, you use the future tense.
  3. The expression cannot be used in questions. You would also use the future tense for questions.

3. V-(์œผ)๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€๋‹ค/์˜ค๋‹ค

This is used to express the purpose of going (๊ฐ€๋‹ค) or coming (์˜ค๋‹ค).

For the conjugation:

  • ๋ฐ›์นจ O + -์œผ๋Ÿฌ
    • Examples: ์ฝ์œผ๋Ÿฌ (์ฝ๋‹ค), ๋ฐ›์œผ๋Ÿฌ (๋ฐ›๋‹ค), ...
  • ๋ฐ›์นจ X, ใ„น + -๋Ÿฌ
    • Examples: ๋ณด๋Ÿฌ (๋ณด๋‹ค), ๋งŒ๋“ค๋Ÿฌ (๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค), ...

My biggest problem with this right now is the pronunciation. ๋Ÿฌ is not a character that appears frequently, and so feels very foreign on my tongue. It's very easy to mispronounce, I guess as ๋ ค? I am honestly not sure.

Examples:

  1. ๋„์„œ๊ด€์— ์ฑ…์„ ์ฝ์œผ๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€์š”. (I am going to the library to read a book.)
    • The order can be switched: ์ฑ…์„ ์ฝ์œผ๋Ÿฌ ๋„์„œ๊ด€์— ๊ฐ€์š”.
  2. ์‹ ๋…„ํšŒํ•˜๋Ÿฌ ์นœ๊ตฌ ์ง‘์— ๊ฐˆ ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. (I am going to my friend's house for a new year's party.)
  3. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ์ง‘์— ์ €๋… ๋จน์œผ๋Ÿฌ ์˜ค์„ธ์š”. (Please come to my house for dinner.)

Usage Notes

  1. Only movement verbs can be used after -(์œผ)๋Ÿฌ, so ๊ฐ€๋‹ค, ์˜ค๋‹ค, ๋‹ค๋‹ˆ๋‹ค are acceptable.
    • For non-movement verbs, it uses another grammar -์œผ๋ ค๊ณ  that will be covered in the next chapter.
      • From the first look, it reminds me of V-(์œผ)๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋‹ค... which if I had to take a stab and guess, is a specific form of this other grammar. After all, V-(์œผ)๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋‹ค is used for something planned, that is, it is also for expressing intent or purpose. Wiktionary calls this -์œผ๋ ค๊ณ  connective form "Motive".
  2. This can be used with all the different tenses of the movement verb, so past tense (๊ฐ”์–ด์š”), future tense (๊ฐˆ ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”), expressing desire (๊ฐ€๊ณ  ์‹ถ์–ด์š”), etc.
  3. Obviously, you cannot use movement verbs before -(์œผ)๋Ÿฌ as it would make no sense. ๊ฐ€๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€๋‹ค is like saying "to go to go".

Vocabulary

Korean English Notes
๋นŒ๋ ค์ฃผ๋‹ค to lend ๋นŒ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค is to borrow.
๋Š๋‹ค to hang up (the phone) Other meanings: to give up (a habit), to abstain from; to cut, to sever
์•ฝ์† promise Previously, learnt the other meaning, which was appointment.
์†ก๋…„ํšŒ year-end party ้€ๅนดๆœƒ
์‹ ๋…„ํšŒ new year party ๆ–ฐๅนดๆœƒ
์˜ˆ๋ฐฐํ•˜๋‹ค to worship, to attend religious service ็ฆฎๆ‹œ (็คผๆ‹œ)
์•ˆ๊ฒฝ์„ ๋งž์ถ”๋‹ค to get a pair of glasses made to be fitted for glasses
๋‹ฌํŒฝ์ด snail
ํ† ๋ผ rabbit
๋ฐฐ๋‹ฌํ•˜๋‹ค to deliver; to make a delivery
์ฃผ๋ฌธํ•˜๋‹ค to order

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