Lesson 78 (Intermediate 2 Lesson 5)

We started the lesson diving straight into the last two grammar points for this chapter. Then, we reviewed the Quizlet sentence deck (in full this time), before looking at the video script. Finally, we finished up with the textbook. We got all the way to the Speaking and Listening page (p. 147), but only did the first (preparation) section without the listening yet.

This is the last lesson of the term, which is also the last lesson for my friend.

Grammar

4. V-(으)면 되다

This is used to explain a rule or a situation.

The words for this one are all familiar. The V-(으)면 means “if”.

The 되다 we have seen in V-아야/어야/해야 되다, which carries the meaning of “can”.

In some contexts, this can be used as a suggestion (e.g. 약을 벅으면 돼요 to suggest to a sick person to take their medication), but this is a much lighter suggestion than V-아야/어야/해야 되다.

Examples:

  1. 가: 내일 아침에 일찍 와야 돼요? 나: 아니요, 9시까지 오면 돼요.
  2. 가: 외국인등록증도 필요해요? 나: 아니요, 여권만 있으면 돼요.
  3. 가: 한국 친구를 만들고 싶은데 어떻게 하면 좋을까요? 나: 한국어를 배우면 돼요.

5. V-(으)ㄴ 것 같다

This is used to express the speaker’s presumption about past events.

Back in Chapter 4, we saw V-는 것 같다.

This is simply the past tense version, evident from V-(으)ㄴ. (Yes, there is also a future tense version, and it is V-(으)ㄹ 것 같다, since the future tense noun modifier is V-(으)ㄹ. The teacher said we will learn this next time.)

  • 비가 오는 것 같아요. = I think it‘s raining (now).
  • 비가 온 것 같아요. = I think it rained (earlier).

Examples:

  1. 엔디 씨는 벌써 점심을 먹은 것 같아요.
  2. 유진 씨는 늦게까지 논 것 같아요. (놀다)
  3. 배가 아파요. 아까 먹은 짐심에 문제가 있었던 것 같아요.
    • For 있다/없다, there is no such thing as 있은/없은 (X). Instead, you have 있었던/없었던.
      • For the present tense, it’s 있던/없던.

Video Script

Only two dialogues this time around. Both from the same source, the one with the real humans acting and not the cartoon. The second had no blanks.

We just did 1 round of reading through both scripts with a partner after listening it together.

Vocabulary

Korean English Notes
버튼 button
누르다 to press
고민 worry, concern
교환 학생 프로그램 student exchange programme
참여하다 to participate
두드러기 hives, (nettle) rash 두드러기가 나다 = to break out in a rash
가렵다 to be itchy 갑자기 얼굴에 두드러기가 나고 가려워요.
알레르기 allergy
주사를 맞다 to get an injection
예방주사/백신 vaccine
하루치 one day’s portion 약은 하루치만 드시면 돼요.
출입국관리사무소 immigration office
따라가다 to follow
지피에스 GPS GPS is fine too.
전부 all; everything 全部
환율 exchange rate
달러 dollar 미국 달러
위안 yuan (CNY)
yen (JPY)
유로 euro (EUR)
파운드 pound Both the unit of weight and currency. 파운드 스털링 = pound stirling (the currency); 영국 파운드 seems to be acceptable as well
내리다 to go down opposite of 오르다
언택트 contactless Konglish, “un-tact” (as in “contact”). 언택트 택배 = contactless delivery
택배 기사 delivery man
방문하다 to visit 访问
품명 (names of) goods 品名
수량 quantity 數量
신청하다 to request 申請. 택배 신청하혀고 정화드렸습니다.
등록하다 to register 登錄
접수하다 to accept; to receive 接受
우편 mail
배치 시험 placement test
바로 right away

Homework

  • Workbook for Chapter 6, p. 107–109 (Grammar 4. V-(으)면 되다 and 5. V-(으)ㄴ 것 같다 sections) [end]
    • Last week’s was not marked; I think the teacher missed out the message and KakaoTalk would have deleted it from the server so I have to resend anyway.
  • Textbook Reading and Writing for Chapter 6
    • Writing assignment is modified to be about SG instead of Korea.
  • Quizlet sentences

Stats

  • Students: 6 out of 6
  • Breakout room activities: Yes, random.

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