Lesson 77 (Intermediate 2 Lesson 4)

We started with Quizlet, individual teams, 2 rounds. From English definition, pick the Korean word. Surprisingly, I won both without much effort, which is probably because of the absentee this week. The university student girl did better the second week for the last chapter, but the first week, the one who won all the rounds was the student who was absent.

We did the second grammar points for Chapter 6. After covering the second grammar point, we did the textbook from the start of Chapter 6 (p. 136) until the end of Speaking 1 (p. 141 ), just before the third grammar point on page 142. That was followed by the third grammar point, and then reviewing part of the Quizlet sentences set, which feature the conjugations from the third grammar point.

My guess is that it is likely we will get the writing homework for the next lesson, but Chapter 6 will only be done the week after. This is because we have two more grammar points (for a total of five in this chapter) and the video script, as well as the remainder of the textbook.

The day after this lesson, we got the invoice for the next term.

Grammar

2. N(이)라서

This is used to indicate the reason for the following phrase.

N(이)라서 = N이에요/예요 + 그래서.

This is nothing new; we have seen this way back in Lesson 46 while covering A/V-아서/어서/해서. It was in our handout, but was not in the textbook.

  • 받침 O + 이라서
  • 받침 X + 라서

Examples:

  1. 친구 생일이라서 파티에 가야 돼요.
  2. 다음 주에 휴가라서 화사에 안 가요.

Remember that the second clause cannot be a suggestion or request, just like with A/V-아서/어서/해서.

3. ‘르’ 불규칙

Previously, we have seen some other irregular conjugations:

  1. ‘ㅂ’ 불규칙
  2. ‘ㄷ’ 불규칙
  3. ‘ㅡ’ 탈락
  4. ‘ㄹ’ 탈락

This is the irregular 르 conjugation.

For most verb and adjective stems that end in 르, 르 is omitted, and an additional ㄹ is added to form ㄹ ㄹ.

This rule is actually similar most similar to the third one, ‘ㅡ’ 탈락, where you have 바쁘다 → 바빠요. That change applies when there is -아/어 in the ending.

Similarly, this one only applies to endings with 아/어.

Examples:

  1. 모르다 → 몰라
  2. 다르다 → 달라
  3. 오르다 → 올라
  4. 빠르다 → 빨라
  5. 부르다 → 불러
  6. 서두르다 → 서둘러

Again, note that if you have ㅏ,ㅗ then it conjugates to 라 (ㄹ + 아), and then for the other vowels you have 러 (ㄹ + 어).

In a sense, this is nothing that new too. We definitely have seen verbs that follow this rule before (1, 2, and 4 should be very familiar).

However, the rule was never articulated before this.

Vocabulary

Korean English Notes
운전면허증 driver‘s licence
저울 scale; balance
올리다 to put/place on top of
들다 to contain; to enter Used in the past tense if you are talking about containing something (as that thing already went in, so to speak. Recall that 마음에 들다 (“to like”) literally means “to enter into (one’s) heart”.
모르다 to not know
다르다 to be different
오르다 to rise
빠르다 to be fast
자르다 to cut 머리를 자르다 = to get one’s hair cut
부르다 to sing, call; to be full This has two distinct meanings, where one is a verb and the other is an adjective. 배부르다 also means “to be full”.
서두르다 to hurry
생격 personality; character

Homework

  • Workbook for Chapter 6, p. 104–107 (Grammar 2. N(이)라서 and 3. ‘르’ 불규칙 sections)
    • I think the teacher made a mistake as p. 107 is the first page of the fourth grammar point, so it should be until p.106 (I only did to 106).
    • The third grammar point only had 1 page of exercises, while usually each grammar point has two.

Stats

  • Students: 5 out of 6 (the older lady was absent as she was unwell)
  • Breakout room activities: Yes, random.

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