Lesson 92 (Intermediate 3 Lesson 7)

So it turns out that someone else in the class asked about the video script. There isnโ€™t one for Chapter 11 (I searched for it after I wrote the post for the last lesson but before class began). In the end, we covered the video script for Chapter 10.

Then, we finished up with the textbook, including Culture Note and Pronunciation, which I will cover.

Next week, we will start on Chapter 12, which is also the last chapter before the next test. ๐Ÿ˜ฑ If that takes 2 weeks and another week for revision, that means the test would be in 4 weeks, in early October.

There was a small thing that came up under Listening & Speaking on p. 58, on how to read the age there.

There are two counters (unit nouns) for age: ์‚ด and ์„ธ.

  • ์‚ด is the more common one that we have seen before and is used when speaking.
  • ์„ธ is more common in written form (e.g. news articles, which was what was supposed to be the context in the textbook). Hanja is ๆญฒ (ๅฒ).

You make use of the native Korean numbers with ์‚ด, but you use the Sino-Korean numbers with ์„ธ.

  • 88์‚ด (์—ฌ๋“ ์—ฌ๋Ÿ ์‚ด)
  • 88์„ธ (ํŒ”์‹ญํŒ” ์„ธ)

Sadly, I didnโ€™t get to ask how to read the โ€œ42.195 kmโ€ part (specifically the decimal). Context is that it was a โ€œnews articleโ€ about an 88-year-old man who completed a marathon.

Culture Note

Since this chapter was on health, the culture was on health foods (๊ฑด๊ฐ•์‹ํ’ˆ). Of course, Korean ginseng (์ธ์‚ผ) was mentioned.

Then there was a discussion around red ginseng (ํ™์‚ผ). There is a version for kids (ํ™์‚ผ ํ‚ค์ฆˆ) because apparently kids donโ€™t like the taste? And there is also a version for test-takers: ํ™์‚ผ ์ˆ˜ํ—˜์ƒ (์ˆ˜ํ—˜์ƒ = test-taker) and it is called ์•„์ดํŒจ์Šค. (I did not know in class and had to google after, butโ€ฆ the name is actually from English โ€œI passโ€).

Locally, I think people were saying things like birdโ€™s nest, and the cheaper version of frog ovaries. And then there is chicken essense. Though at the start people were saying things like vitamins and omega 3.

Pronunciation

The pronunciation topic was about how somtimes the final consonants change to sound like [ใ„ฑ, ใ„ท, ใ…‚] when followed by a syllable that begins with โ€˜ใ…‡โ€™.

Basically, as probably discussed at multiple points such as in Lesson 41, all these final consonants are pronounced as [์•‹]: ์•‹, ์•, ์•—, ์•š, ์•›, ์•Ÿ.

Also, we know that normally, when the next syllable starts with a vowel, the final consonant from the syllable is shifted over to the next syllable. This was covered way back in Lesson 14 (SNU 1A Chapter 3).

However, in some specific cases, instead of sounding like how it is written, it changes to sound like [ใ„ฑ, ใ„ท, ใ…‚] when it is carried over. For example, the final consonant can be ใ……, but if the rule applies, in the next syllable, it sounds like [ใ„ท] rather than [ใ……].

The one it changes to depends on what is the sound if it were just a standalone syllable, and more accurately, has the same place of articulation as these three. It has been discussed before .

And no, this pronunciation rule is entirely new. It was covered in a note in Lesson 72, though it wasnโ€™t the pronunciation lesson from that chapter.

These are two cases where this change happens:

  1. When two words become one word (compound words)
    • ๋ง›์—†์–ด์š” (๋ง› + ์—†์–ด์š”) โ†’ [๋งˆ๋ฅ์จ์š”]
    • ์ฒซ์ธ์ƒ (์ฒซ + ์ธ์ƒ) โ†’ [์ฒ˜๋”˜์ƒ]
  2. When two words are pronounced one after another
    • ๋ถ€์—Œ ์•ˆ โ†’ [๋ถ€์–ด๊ฐ„]
    • ์žŽ ์œ„ โ†’ [์ด๋ท”]
    • ๋ชป ์™€์š” โ†’ [๋ชจ๋ ์š”]

Otherwise, if it is followed by a particle, then nothing happens, the final consonant doesnโ€™t change:

  • ์˜ท์ด [์˜ค์‹œ]

Vocabulary

Korean English Notes
๋‚ฎ์— during the day ๋‚ฎ์— ๋น„๋น•๋ฐฅ ๋จน์—ˆ์–ด์š”. Context was the person had eaten Bibimbap for lunch, and was saying they wanted to eat something else rather than Bibimbap again for dinner.
์•ฝ์‚ฌ pharmacist
์ž๊พธ repeatedly
์ƒํ™œ๋น„ living expenses
๋ˆ์ด ๋“ค๋‹ค to cost money
ํ™”ํ•ดํ•˜๋‹ค to reconcile
๋งˆ์ŠคํฌํŒฉ mask as in the kind you put on your face for beauty purposes/nourishing the skin, and when you use it: ๋งˆ์ŠคํฌํŒฉ์„ ํ•˜๋‹ค
์‚ฌํ˜ three days More common to use ์‚ผ์ผ. This form is formal and would be heard on the news. This is the equivent type to ํ•˜๋ฃจ and ์ดํ‹€ for one day and two days respectively, but those are commonly used because the alternative of ์ผ์ผ and ์ด์ผ are harder to distinguish.
๋‚˜ํ˜ four days Similarly, ์‚ฌ์ผ is more common.
๋งˆ๋ผํ†ค marathon
์™„์ฃผ finish, complete ๅฎŒ่ตฐ
์ธ์‚ผ ginseng
๊ฑด๊ฐ•์‹ํ’ˆ health foods Commonly used as gifts to parents
ํ™์‚ผ red ginseng
ํ™์‚ผ ํ‚ค์ฆˆ red ginseng for kids ํ‚ค์ฆˆ = kids.
์ˆ˜ํ—˜์ƒ examinee (test-taker)
์ธ์ƒ impression
์ฒซ์ธ์ƒ first impression ์ฒซ์ธ์ƒ์ด ์ข‹๋‹ค = give a good first impression
๋œ less
์˜ค๋ฉ”๊ฐ€ 3 omega 3 The โ€œ3โ€ is prononuced as in English.
์•Œ unit noun for pills
์žŽ leaf
๋‚˜๋น„ butterfly
์Šต๊ด€ habit
์˜์–‘์ œ nutritional supplement
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ however
๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•˜๋‹ค to make an effort
์™ธ์ถœํ•˜๋‹ค to go out ๅค–ๅ‡บ
์˜ˆ๋ฐฉํ•˜๋‹ค to prevent

Homework

  • Textbook p. 60โ€“61 (Chapter 11 Reading & Writing)

Stats

  • Students: 5 out of 5
  • Breakout room activities: Yes, was kind of random. The only person I did not encounter was the newest girl to join the class.

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