It's a long story.

The tower of Babel was never completed

Genesis 11:8 tells us that God giving people different languages and confusing them stopped them from building the city/tower of Babel.

Josephus explains in his book the antiquities of the Jews that the word Babel means confusion and that they called it that because of the confusion that was caused by God. So really the city was known as the city of great confusion.

Cutting and tattooing for the dead

Leviticus 19:28 states the law from God not to cut or tattoo one's self for the dead.

The immediate context of the verses preceding and following Leviticus 19:27-28 makes it clear that Moses was telling the people that God was calling them not to adhere to pagan practices as it speaks of divination, soothsaying, mediums and spiritists.

This passage is referring to an ancient pagan funeral ritual taught to humans by the Nephilim/Rephaim and "fallen angels", as all pagan rituals were.

The point of the ritual was to "cheat death of the spirit" as an "act of defiance" against God (https://classroom.synonym.com/the-pagan-ritual-of-cutting-or-tattooing-at-a-funeral-12087451.html)

This practice is said to have roots in the actions of Baal cutting himself.

1 Kings 18:25 also describes cutting one's self as a plea to the gods being a custom commonly practiced by the pagans.


Jude and Genesis

Jude 1:6-7 links the fall on the sons of God in Genesis 6 with the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah saying that in both cases they went after strange flesh and indulged in gross immorality and that they both were dealt strong punishment by God.

Where are oaks of Mamre?

Mamre (or the oaks of Mamre) is the same land as Hebron which is Kiriath-arba

Genesis 23:19
Genesis 35:27

Abram had Amorites as allies

Genesis 14:13 tells us that Mamre, Eshcol, and Aner were Amorites that allied with Abram as he lived in their lands.

Genesis 14:24 shows us that they actually joined him in battle and saving his brother Lot.


Leviticus 16:8,10,26 ESV
NASB translates Azazel as scapegoat

The book of Enoch speaks of Azazel as a watcher, being deeply wicked and teaching humans ways of witchcraft as well as how to use and make technology.

God's letters to Satan

In Ezekiel 28 and Isaiah 14 God speaks through his prophets to kings that are under the Satan.
This makes perfect sense when you recognize that demonic powers are behind most kings in ancient times and the Satan will at times posses individuals.

The Anakim were part of the Nephilim

Numbers 13:33 links the Anakim with the Nephilim. This is an important passage because it directly relates the sons of Anak (the Anakim) with the Nephilim of Genesis 6:4.

"There also we saw the Nephilim (the sons of Anak are part of the Nephilim); and we became like grasshoppers in our own sight, and so we were in their sight.”

The Amorites lived in hill country

Deuteronomy 1:19-20 describes the land of the Amorites as hill country.

Moses defeats Og and Sihon

Numbers 21 describes Moses defeating king Sihon of the Amorites and king Og of bashan.

Deuteronomy 1:3-4 references when Moses defeats king Og and king Sihon.

The Valley of the Rephaim

The phrase "Valley of Rephaim" specifically, is mentioned in many places. This speaks to it's importance and the impact of the Rephaim.

"Then the border went up the valley of Ben-hinnom to the slope of the Jebusite on the south (that is, Jerusalem); and the border went up to the top of the mountain which is before the valley of Hinnom to the west, which is at the end of the valley of Rephaim toward the north." - Joshua 15:8

"The border went down to the edge of the hill which is in the valley of Ben-hinnom, which is in the valley of Rephaim northward; and it went down to the valley of Hinnom, to the slope of the Jebusite southward, and went down to En-rogel." - Joshua 18:16

"Now the Philistines came and spread themselves out in the valley of Rephaim." - 2 Samuel 5:18

"Now the Philistines came up once again and spread themselves out in the valley of Rephaim." - 2 Samuel 5:22

"Then three of the thirty chief men went down and came to David in the harvest time to the cave of Adullam, while the troop of the Philistines was camping in the valley of Rephaim." - 2 Samuel 23:13

"Now three of the thirty chief men went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam, while the army of the Philistines was camping in the valley of Rephaim." - 1 Chronicles 11:15

"Now the Philistines had come and made a raid in the valley of Rephaim." - 1 Chronicles 14:9

"It will be even like the reaper gathering the standing grain, As his arm harvests the ears, Or it will be like one gleaning ears of grain In the valley of Rephaim." - Isaiah 17:5

The Kingdom of Og

Joshua 12:4-5 speaks of king Og as living in Ashtaroth and Edrei and ruling over Mount Hermon. It also speak of him ruling over Salecah and all of bashan (aka the land of Rephaim). It says the kingdom reached as far as the border of the Geshurites and the Maacathites and half of Gilead and as far as the border of Sihon king of Heshbon (aka king of the Amorites).

Joshua 13:11-12 reiterates these facts.

The last Rephaim

Deuteronomy 3:8 explicitly states that "King Og of bashan was the last of the remnant of the Rephaim."

It goes on to speak of how big his iron bed was and that it was in Rabbah in the land of the Ammonites.

Joshua 12:4 also states this fact, and again in Joshua 13:12.

All of bashan was the land of Rephaim

Deuteronomy 3:8 states explicitly that all of Bashan was called the land of Rephaim. This apparently includes Argob.

The land of the Rephaim is also mentioned in Joshua 17:15.

Land of the Rephaim aka Zamzummin

Deuteronomy 2:19-21 says that the land of the Ammonites was also called the land of the Rephaim.

It also points out that the Ammonites called them (the Rephaim) Zamzummin and describes them as being as tall, mighty, and as numerous as the Anakim (a phrase used earlier in that chapter when speaking of the Emim: verse 11).

The Emim

Deuteronomy 2:10-11 links the Anakim with the Emim and states that both people groups are regarded as Rephaim. This passage points out they they are of the land of Moab and were as great, numerous and as tall as the Anakim.