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BUS1101 - Week 1 : Introduction to the Principles of Management

BUS1101: Principles of Business Management
Week 1: Introduction to the Principles of Management
02 September - 08 September, 2021

Overview

Unit 1: Introduction to the Principles of Management

Topics:

  • Managers and the nature of their work.

  • Overview of leadership, entrepreneurship, and strategy.

  • The planning-organizing-leading-controlling (P-O-L-C) framework.

  • Economic, social, and environmental performance.

  • Individual and group-level performance.

  • Goal setting using SMART, —specific, measurable, aggressive, realistic, and time-bound.

Learning Objectives:

By the end of this Unit, you will be able to:

  • Examine management and its characteristics.

  • Reflect on personal skills and knowledge related to management.

  • Apply goal-setting techniques in your own professional development.

Introduction

The material in this unit will provide an overview of the role of the manager in the business world. It will also consider the possibilities for leadership in the business world. You will learn the basic managerial concepts of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. The unit will focus on the importance of performance as an outcome of business activity. The concepts will be explored on an individual and organizational level. You will consider how your own management or workplace experience relates to the theory and application in this unit.

In the reading for Unit 1, you will be introduced to some basic concepts of management. Keep in mind that both large and small businesses need good managers and good management practices. In the past, the family business was the mainstay of commerce. Today there are many public companies that are owned by shareholders. It is public companies as well as larger privately owned businesses that employ managers. Managers are entrusted with the responsibility of running the business by its owners. Managers are also needed in entrepreneurial organizations and in non-profit organizations. The overview you receive this week will establish a foundation for learning managerial skills in the weeks to come.

Reading Assignment

Carpenter, M., Bauer, T., & Erdogan, B. (2010). Management principles, v. 1.1. https://2012books.lardbucket.org/books/management-principles-v1.1/index.html. You can download the PDF version from the course homepage.

Chapter 1

Introduction Discussion

Introduce yourself in the Course Forum (located in the General Information area at the top of the course homepage)

Create a post introducing yourself to your classmates. In addition to your introduction, answer the following:

  • What skills and/or knowledge related to management do you have at this time?

  • What do you want to learn during the course?

Visit the Course Forum throughout the first week to respond to fellow classmates’ posts and respond

Discussion Assignment

The text defines management as “The art of getting things done through the efforts of other people.” Put yourself in the shoes of a manager and explain what this definition means in the context of a company operation. You can use the example of any company (large or small) and any good or service.

Please answer in 150 words or more. Use your own words - please do not copy and paste from a website. Be sure to reference your sources.

Then, engage in a dialogue with your classmates on the above question and any other perspectives you have on the above topics. You are expected to make at least three response posts to the discussion board during the course of the discussion period and rate your classmates’ posts.

Don’t forget to rate the postings of your classmates according to the Rating Guidelines. Review the Discussion Forum rating guidelines to see how your classmates will be rating your post.

Reference

Carpenter, M., Bauer, T., & Erdogan, B. (2010). Management principles, v. 1.1. https://2012books.lardbucket.org/books/management-principles-v1.1/index.html

My Work

To achieve a goal or get things done within a company or a team, we requires to have more than individual's talents, skill-sets, intelligence, and expertise. We might have a team of the most talented individuals, but our team still can't progress toward the goals if each member can't collaboratively work together in an effective and efficient manner.

The role of a manager is to orchestrate a team to perform the best opera possible. That could involve many crucial managing skills like the ability to develop a vision and mission, set goals, delegate tasks, motivate team members, communicate and resolve conflicts, solve problems, and make sure that everything or everyone is on track. With this kind of ability and work, I think that managers also put all of efforts which contributes in the success of a company or a team.

Thus, I don't agree 100% with the definition, "The art of getting things done through the efforts of other people", because it seems to give a false narrative, which describes a manager as someone, who doesn't really do anything a part from using others to get the work done.

Let me give a real example. I used to work in a company where the CEO is very good at coming up with a compelling vision and mission, raising huge million dollars capital, and recruiting young passionate individuals, but he just isn't good at communicating among his subordinates and beyond. Simply put, he is incapable of maintaining the human resources within the company. That results in a high workforce turnover rate.

Learning Journal

In Chapter 1 of the text, goal setting is discussed. Select a business-related or professional goal (e.g. lose weight, complete a course of study, find a new job, etc.) you want to achieve in the next 12 months. Address each part of the SMART technique -- Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, and Time-bound– providing relevant details about the goal for each component of the goal-setting process.

Be sure that your Learning Journal entry is a minimum of 500 words.

Note: Please submit only when completed, by the end of the Unit. The Learning Journal forms part of the formal final grade and is intended to help students organize, consolidate and record their thoughts, activities, and accomplishments. It also allows the course Instructor to get a sense of how a student is progressing and what he/she has done beyond the mandatory assignments. Remember that only you and your instructor will have access to your Learning Journal.

My Work

SMART Goal technique teaches us how to set a goal that is specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-bound. To do so, we need to address the who, what, when, where, and why of the goal. In this case, the “who” is going to be me. I am the person who is setting the goal for myself. The “what” is going to be “ to transfer from University of the People to McGill University and to change my degree from Business Administration to Agro-Environmental Science”. The “where” is going to be “at McGill University in Canada”. The “who”, “what”, and “where” help me make sure that my goal is specific, measurable, and achievable.

Then there comes the “why”, why am I setting this goal? I want to know that my goal is realistic or relevant to my purpose in life or my dream. I set this goal because I want to physically and intellectually expose myself to different cultures, diverse groups of intellectual, and world-class higher education. With this exposure, I believe that I can make potential connections and discussions, which can lead to great ideas or solutions to current world problems and future collaborating works or projects.

In additon, my knowledge gained from McGill University, one of the top universities in the world, will equip me with competency, tools, and creativity to solve problems and work toward achieving my dream of creating a natural agriculture institute. This natural agriculture institute will consist of an agriculture academy, a farm business, a farm trial for scientific research, a social business incubation center, and a media department.

 The vision of the institute is to awaken each other through lifelong self-education for a fulfilling life. I truly believe that through continuous self-education, we all can research, study, think, act, and share the our journey to awaken one another when it comes to agriculture, business, technology, and education. By "fulfilling life" I mean we should have joy and pride for our work. I believe that working in service of humanity and mother nature will bring us the joy and pride, which can lead us to living a fulfilling life.

Through self-education we will be able to awaken ourselves to transform from conventional chemical farming to a more sustainable farming, from conventional profit-maximizing business to non-dividend impact driven business, from too much technology to appropriate technology, from degree seeking education to purpose driven education. This “why” will serve me as a motivation to get through tough times.

Last but not least, to make my goal time-bound I need to set a deadline. Since I have just started my education journey at UoPeople, I still have about 2 years to finish all my required courses for an associate degree. When I graduate with my associate degree, I then can apply to transfer to McGill University. With this information, I set my goal to be achieved by the end of 2023.

In conclusion, by the end of 2023, I want to transfer from the University of the People to finish my bachelor degree on campus at McGill University in Canada, and change my major from Business Administration to Agro-Environmental Science because I believe that this opportunity will give me a crucial exposure to diverse knowledge, connections, cultures, and ideas, which will help me achieve my dream of creating a natural agriculture institute to educate, advocate, and invest in agricultural business ideas or practices that sustainably produce food to feed the world and regenerate our eco-system.

 

UNIV1001 - Week 1 : Welcome and Introduction to University of the People

UNIV1001: Online Education Strategies - AY2022-T1

Week 1: Welcome and Introduction to University of the People
02 September - 08 September, 2021

Overview

Unit 1: Welcome and Introduction to University of the People

Topics

  • Orientation to the University of the People online campus and classroom format

  • College success

  • Community of learning

  • APA format

Learning Objectives

By the end of this Unit, you will be able to:

  • Effectively navigate the University of the People campus resources, proficiently use the classroom to complete assignments, and access assistance if needed.

  • Discuss how students benefit from a community of learning.

  • Identify and explain your personal definition of college success.

  • Recognize APA format and prepare basic APA citations and references.

Tasks

  • Read through the Course Syllabus

  • Read the Learning Guide and Reading Assignments

  • Complete the Sustainability Module (located in the LRC)

  • Take the Sustainability Student Experience Survey

  • Participate in the Discussion Assignment (post in, comment on, and rate the Discussion Forum)

  • Complete the APA activity

  • Complete an entry to the Learning Journal

Welcome to University of the People

Unit 1 Introduction

Discussion Assignment

For this assignment, write at least 250 words - but no more than 500 words - answering the following question:

What are the benefits of collaborative learning?

How does University of the People integrate community-oriented learning into the classroom?

In your response, be sure to share any experience you have with collaborative learning.

Discussion Responses

It is your responsibility to respond to three classmates by providing comments, asking questions, or having a conversation about their main post. Feedback should be appropriate, meaningful, and helpful. For instance refer to how your own experience supports/contradicts the opinions developed by your peers. If you think they are too general or not rooted enough in personal experience, you may also ask for more detailed examples supporting these opinions. In particular make sure that the examples provided are properly referenced and that you are able to access them. Overall, your comments should contribute positively to the conversation by broadening or clarifying it. Feedback should be at least 3-4 complete sentences (100 words).
Rating Discussions

After posting an appropriate, meaningful, and helpful response to your three classmates, you must rate their posts on a scale of 0 (unsatisfactory) to 10 (Excellent). The rating scores are anonymous; therefore, do NOT mention in your remarks the separate rating score you will give the peer. The instructor is the only person who knows which score matches the comment given to a peer. Some classmates may worry that some peers will not provide a fair rating, or be unable to provide accurate corrections for grammar or other errors. It is the instructor’s responsibility to ensure fairness and accuracy.

10 (A) - Excellent, substantial, relevant, insightful, enriching, and stimulating contribution to the discussion. Also, uses external resources to support position where required and/or applicable.
8 - 9 (B) - Good, quite substantial and insightful, but missing minor details which would have otherwise characterized it as an excellent response.
6 - 7 (C) - Satisfactory insight and relevance, but required some more information and effort to have warranted a better rating.
4 - 5 (D) - Limited insight and relevance of the material; more effort and reflection needed to have warranted a satisfactory grading.
0 - 3 (F) - Unsatisfactory insight/relevance or failure to answer the question, reflecting a poor or limited understanding of the subject matter and/or the guidelines of the question.

Here are some questions to consider as we think about the feedback and rating to give our classmates:

  • Did the peer respond to everything asked by the assignment prompt?

  • Was the peer’s overall response organized and logical? Was it easy to follow and smooth?

  • Was it easy to understand the ideas the student was trying to communicate, or did you have to make assumptions to make sense out of what the peer wrote?

  • Did the peer use their own words, or if they borrowed from somewhere else, did they give credit to the source they used?

  • Were there consistent errors in grammar and punctuation that made it hard to understand or make sense out of the writing?

If at any time you suspect that a post in this Discussion Forum violates UoPeople's rules regarding plagiarism and/or any aspect of UoPeople’s Academic Code of Conduct, please notify your instructor immediately.

Remember that your instructor will be reviewing responses, ratings, and comments. Your instructor will adjust ratings if he/she believes that they do not seem warranted or supportable.

Learning Journal

Every week in UNIV 1001, you will complete a Learning Journal assignment. In this class, your Learning Journals are composed of two parts - a reflection topic, and an APA exercise. Your reflection topic should be at least 300 words but no more than 500 words.
Reflection Topic: College Success

Write about what college success means to you. How will you define success, and what strategies will you use to achieve success? Be sure to be specific. Do you have any concerns or worries about how you will manage your course assignments or expectations? Your journal entry will only be seen by you and your instructor, so feel free to share any questions and worries you have.

My Work

College success for me is more than just passing all the courses and getting the degree. Throughout my college journey, I have three goals in mind. First, I want to be able to apply what I learn from each course to solving problems or make use of what I have learned. Second, I want to be able to make connections with other students. Third, I want to transfer to finish my bachelor degree on campus at McGill University and change my major to Agriculture and Environmental Science.

To achieve my first goal, I have been making video content on what I have learned from my previous course at UoPeople. I intentionally make the content in Khmer, my native language, because I believe that it can potentially break the language barrier and reach out further to Cambodian youths, who are in need of good quality world class content. I know that this doesn't really reflect back directly to my intention to solve real world problems using knowledge I gained from those specific courses, but at least I am making use of what I learned. Hopefully, by sharing my stories or my journey of the pursuit for higher education at UoPeople, I can inspire or give hope to those, who also want to do the same.

For my second goal, I think what I can do is to spend more time and effort to thoroughly participate in course forum, discussion forum, and peer assessment. I think so far I have been doing ok. However, I have a concern that this online collaboration learning and peer-to-peer learning aren't as effective as when we get to do them face-to-face.

That is something I think my third goal, transferring to finish my degree on campus, could tell. I have been contacting my program advisor to seek out for more information about applying to transfer to McGill after I graduate my associate degree. I know that I want to change my major from Bachelor of Science in Business Administration at UoPeople to Bachelor of Science in Agricultural and Environmental Science at McGill. Therefore, I need to take science courses during throughout my association degree years. At the same time, I need to review those science courses like biology, mathematics, and physics. I am planning to start with Khan Academy.

Last but not least, I have another concern about how my experience at UoPeople can effectively help me apply what I have learned in real life. So far, I have not seen much project-based learning, which also means my current learning experience lacks hands-on activities. I really wish that UoPeople curriculum can emphasize more on project-based/problem-based learning.

APA Exercise

Every week in your learning journal for Online Education Strategies, you will practice APA format. This week, you are going to learn how to cite an e-book. These are available in the UoPeople library. Start by going to the library and find an e-book on a topic you’re interested in. Then, complete the following exercise:

  • What is the title of the book?

  • Who is the author (or who are the authors)?

  • What year was the book published?

  • What is the URL of the book?

  • Using the information from #1-4, write the APA reference for the book you found. The reference goes at the end of your work, after all of your writing is finished.

  • Now, let’s write the in-text citation, to use at the end of a sentence you are writing. In-text citations are always (Author, Year). Using the information from #5, write the APA in-text citation for the book you found.

Refer to the UoPeople APA Tutorials in the LRC for help in APA citations. Grading Rubric The rubric detailing how you will be graded for this assignment can be found within the unit's assignment on the main course page.

My Work

"Problem-based learning (PBL) provideds a structure for discovery that helps students internalize learning and leads to greater comprehension" (Delisle, 1997, p.2).

Reference

Delisle, R. (1997, November 01). How to Use Problem-Based Learning in the Classroom. https://cd21kyumz-mp01-y-https-ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy.lirn.net/lib/univ-people-ebooks/reader.action?docID=280352&query=problem-based+learning

What Does It Mean to be Truly Educated?

What Does It Mean to be Truly Educated?

Many of us are pretty much trapped in our societal loop of growing up, getting higher education, possessing a higher degree, getting a well-paid job, settling down to raise a family, and trying to stay alive and healthy until our last day. We grow up going to school because everyone else around us seems to be doing so or because we are told to do so. What does it mean to be truly educated? This is one of the questions that we oftentimes haven't heard of or had the answer to. Most of the education systems in many countries around the globe don’t remind us to ask ourselves this one particular question because one of the purposes of the education system’s design is to fixate on manufacturing enough obedient and conformed workforces to keep the world economy going. The following writing will be discussing the answer to the above question. I think that being truly educated means being able to know how to best acquire knowledge and learn to think critically about what is true for ourselves. It is more than acquiring a degree.

We are responsible for figuring out how to best learn for ourselves when it comes to acquiring knowledge. Learning is an individual experience. Every student has a different learning style. One student might be an auditory learner, whereas another one is a kinesthetic learner, who learns best by experiencing and doing hands-on activities. I am a visual learner, so I like to observe and prefer my learning experiences to revolve around diagrams, scribbles, pictures, and videos. Being aware of my learning style allows me to choose the right note-taking strategy to use, which in my case is mind mapping. "Enabling teachers to know their students' learning styles and making students aware of their learning styles increases teachers' and students' understanding about the students' learning process, allows teachers to provide better support for their students, and has therefore high potential to enhance teaching and learning" (Sabine, 2009). Moreover, learning style could also be about self-studying versus classroom learning. I like to do self-studying on different topics that I find fascinating. Thus, asynchronous learning, a form of education that allows you to learn at your own pace from anywhere at any time, suits me very well. On the other hand, some students might need to be sitting in a classroom listening to a teacher/lecturer talking and interacting with them. Victor Weisskopf, an Austrian-born American theoretical physicist, said, “It's not important what we cover in the class, it's important what you discover” (The Brainwaves Video Anthology, 2015). A truly educated individual knows themselves well and how to best acquire reliable information to construct the right knowledge.

In the modern internet age of our data-driven world, we must be able to critically think about what is true for ourselves. There is quadrillion bite site information out there on the internet to which we have access. Information is no longer accumulated only in physical volumes or kept exclusively in ivy-league school libraries or government offices. There are global revolutionary movements that advocate for free open access to intellectuals' legacy ー their findings, researches, books and journals, knowledge, and ways of thinking. The University of the People is doing exactly that. Nowadays, we can search for almost anything on the internet at our fingertips. Hence, the question doesn’t lie in whether or not we have access to necessary information, but whether or not we have the ability to distinguish the truth from faulty information. This is where the ability to think independently, question existing knowledge, and challenge what we have been told comes into play. "The need for educators to change their goals for children from conformity and obedience (heteronomy) to critical thinking and choice-making (autonomy) is suggested" (Constance, 1991). We all want to make the right decisions in our lives despite knowing that mistakes can also help us learn. Therefore, one of the goals of obtaining a true education is to be able to think critically before deciding for ourselves what is true.

The sole purpose of education goes beyond merely obtaining a degree. Wilhelm von Humboldt claims that the core principle and requirement of a fulfilled human being is the ability to inquire and create constructively independently without external controls (as cited in The Brainwaves Video Anthology, 2015). Learning is a lifelong experience. A person can either keep learning gradually every single day or become stagnant. The desire to acquire knowledge and the commitment to work hard to expand one’s knowledge and others’ are what makes us human and what has brought us to where we are now. The degree could get us the job we desire, the salary we need, and the lifestyle we dream of. However, what is more meaningful than that is the satisfaction and happiness we get from our enlightenment ー the ability to understand the world around us ー and the application of that understanding in creatively and constructively creating the solutions to improve our own lives and others’. The purpose of higher education is to help us live a fulfilling life by becoming a better version of ourselves (Ljiljana, 2021).

In conclusion, as we are going through our education journey, it is useful to remind ourselves often about what it means to be truly educated so that we can stay motivated and on track. Being truly educated is more than just getting a higher degree, it is about how we can discover our learning style to best acquire knowledge for ourselves. It is about how we acquire the critical thinking skill needed to analyze the information that we have accumulated before making decisions. Good decisions and genuine acts of service to others can allow us to live a fulfilling life by making a difference in our lives and the world. It goes beyond obtaining a degree.

Reference

  • The Brainwaves Video Anthology. (May 27, 2015). Noam Chomsky - On Being Truly Educated [Video]. YouTube. Link
  • Sabine, G.(2009). Supporting Teachers in Identifying Students' Learning Styles in Learning Management Systems: An Automatic Student Modelling Approach [Abstract]. Emory Libraries. Link
  • Constance, K.(1991). Toward Autonomy: The Importance of Critical Thinking and Choice Making [Abstract]. Emory Libraries. Link
  • Ljiljana, R.(2021). Education and the good life: Petrarch's insights and the current research on well-being [Abstract]. Emory Libraries. Link

នឹកពេល...

នឹកពេលដើរតាមមាត់ទន្លេ​និងពេលដើរតាមសួនច្បារវត្តបុទុម។នឹកពេលដើរជុំវិញពហុកីឡា
ដ្ឋានជាតិអូឡាំពិកនិងពេលដើរក្នុងបុរី។នឹកពេលជិះកង់ឆ្លងខេត្ត ឆ្លងប្រទេសម្នាក់ឯង។
នឹកពេលដើរចូលព្រៃបោះជុំរុំឡើងដេកលើភ្នំជំុគ្នា។នឹកពេលជិះយន្តហោះឆ្លងប្រទេស
ជិះរថភ្លើង ជិះរទេះ​ ជិះទូកដើរផ្សងព្រេងកំសាន្តមានតែខោអាវមួយបង្វិច​និងទ្រនាប់
ជើងមួយគូ។នឹកពេលដេកតាមផ្លូវ ពេលសុំផ្ទះអ្នកភូមិស្នាក់​ ពេលសុំរថយន្តគេជិះ។

នឹកពេលដែលទទួលបានភាពកក់ក្តៅពីគ្រួសារ។នឹកពេលដែលពុកម៉ែហៅញុាំបាយជុំគ្នា។
នឹកពេលដេកជិតម៉ែហើយនិយាយរឿងក្នុងចិត្តប្រាប់គាត់។នឹកពេលដេកមើលទូរទស្ស៍ជាមួយពុក។​
នឹកពេលធ្វើម្ហូបញុាំបាយជាមួយបងប្អូននិងពេលមើលរឿងយប់ឡើងជុំគ្នា។នឹកពេលជួបជុំមិត្តភក្តិ
ពេលអង្គុយផឹកកាហ្វេព្រឹកឡើង ពេលញុាំបាយថ្ងៃត្រង់និងពេលផឹកអីហើយតទៅរាំលេងក្នុងក្លិប។
នឹកពេលជិះម៉ូតូជិះឡានពេលយប់ដើរលេងមើលភ្លើងពណ៌ក្នុងទីក្រុងនិងពេលចូលផ្សារទំនើប។​
នឹកពេលចង់ទៅណាអាចចេញពីផ្ទះទៅហ្នឹងភ្លាម។នឹកសិទ្ធិក្នុងការធ្វើដំណើរសេរីទៅគ្រប់ទីកន្លែង។

កាលពីនៅតូចកើតចេញពីផ្ទៃម្តាយមកអ្វីដែលទារកទូទៅរៀនធ្វើមុនគេគឺរៀនត្រលប់ខ្លួនរួច
ហើយរៀនវារ។​​គេមានគោលដៅតែមួយគត់គឺធ្វើយ៉ាងណាត្រូវរៀន​​​​​​​​​​ឲ្យចេះដើរ។​ទម្រាំតែអាច
ដើរបានមិនដឹងថាត្រូវដួលប៉ុន្មានដងនោះទេ។ទោះជាយ៉ាងណាគេមិនគិតហើយក៏មិនខ្វល់ថាតើ
មនុស្សជុំវិញមើលមកខ្លួនតាមក្រសែភ្នែកបែបណានោះឡើយ។ធម្មជាតិពិតនេះឆ្លុះបញ្ចាំង​​ឲ្យឃើញ
ថាការតស៊ូទាមទាររកសិទ្ធិសេរីភាពក្នុងការត្រាច់ចរគឺមានតាំងពីកំណើតធម្មជាតិរបស់យើងមកម្ល៉េះ
។​លើសពីនេះសេរីភាពដែលពួកគេមានកាលនៅជាកូនក្មេងទៀតសោធគឺសេរីភាពក្នុងការធ្វើជាខ្លួន
ឯង។ ធ្វើអ្វីដែលខ្លួនចង់ធ្វើដោយមិនខ្វល់ខ្វាយភ័យខ្លាចអំពីគំនិតអ្នកដទៃមកលើខ្លួន។​
នឹកអារម្មណ៍មួយនេះ។

តើមនុស្សម្នាទូទៅសុទ្ធតែនឹកដូចគ្នាអញ្ចឹងមែន?

នឹកឳកាសដែលអាចជួបមុខមនុស្សជាទីស្រលាញ់ជាលើកចុងក្រោយ។នឹកឪកាសដែលអាចហៅនិង
អោបថើបគាត់។នឹកឳកាសបម្រើមើលថែទាំជំងឺគាត់ដោយផ្ទាល់។នឹកស្តាយមិនអាចទទួលយក
សាកសពគាត់មកប្រារព្ធធ្វើពិធីបុណ្យជូនតាមប្រពៃណីយនិងទំនៀមសាសនាជាមួយគ្រួសារបាន។

នឹកឳកាសដើររើសកំប៉ុង​ ឳកាសរត់ដុប ឳកាសលក់បន្លែយកលុយទិញបាយម្ហូបចិញ្ចឹមកូន។នឹក
ឳកាសធ្វើការងារបើកប្រាក់ខែមកផ្គត់ផ្គង់ជីវភាពប្រចាំថ្ងៃជាធម្មតា។​នឹកឳកាសស្រោចស្រង់ក្រុមហ៊ុន
មុខជំនួញធុរកិច្ចរបស់ខ្លួន។​នឹកឳកាសផ្តល់ការងារដល់សរសរទ្រូងគ្រួសារដទៃៗ។​ចុងក្រោយគេគឺ
នឹកពេលដែលនៅរស់រានមានជីវិតនិងសេរីភាព។​នឹកគ្រប់ឪកាសនិងអ្វីគ្រប់យ៉ាងដែលអ្នកនៅរស់មាន។​

ទាន់នៅមានដង្ហើមយើងគួឆ្លៀតយកវេលាបិទខ្ទប់ វេលាធ្វើច​ត្តា​ឡី​ស័ក វេលានៅតែឯងនេះមកឆ្លុះ
បញ្ចាំងដើម្បីស្គាល់ខ្លួនឯង មករកអ្វីដែលខ្លួនចង់ធ្វើតែមិនទាន់បានធ្វើសម្រាប់ជីវិតមួយនេះសម្រាប់
បុគ្គលដែលខ្លួនស្រលាញ់ និងសម្រាប់សង្គមជាតិ។ សង្ឃឹមថាសេចក្តីប្រាថ្នានិងរបកគំហើញថ្មីអំពីខ្លួន
ឯងទាំងនេះនឹងក្លាយជាកម្លាំងវិជ្ជមានដែលជម្រុញទឹកចិត្តនិងធ្វើចិត្តយើងឲ្យធូស្បើយក្នុងគ្រាលំបាកនេះ។​​

Is Telegram a social enterprise?

I think Telegram can be considered as a social enterprise whose founder's philosophy is revolutionizing messaging app and solving problems in the communication realm. Its main mission seems to not be about maximizing profit but to expand its usage and impact. Pavel Durov, the founder of Telegram, said in his latest news update, "As I said when launching Telegram almost 8 years ago, the end goal for Telegram is to become a financially sustainable project that can serve humanity for decades (or centuries) to come." Durov seems to make conscious decision that Telegram is not aiming to be in the top ten largest companies by revenue or anything. On the other hands, he tenses to state clearly that it is about becoming a financially sustainable project.

A point to take into consideration, Pavel Durov was already a millionaire if not billionaire when he founded Telegram. He paid for the expenses of the company from his personal saving.

Below is my dissection of 5 key features of social entrepreneurship based on Telegram case study.

1. Social Value Creation

"We are not going to sell the company like the founders of Whatsapp. The world needs Telegram to stay independent as a place where users are respected and high-quality service is ensured. Telegram must continue to serve the world as an example of a tech company that strives for perfection and integrity. And, as the sad examples of our predecessors show, that is impossible if you become part of a corporation."

2. Social Entrepreneurship Organization

I think Telegram's organization is not-for-profit and hybrid.

3. Social Entrepreneur

I think to found and develop Telegram to what it is today, Pavel Durov is an entrepreneur and more than that.

4. Social Innovation

They just released a new feature, what they called "Radio Station", a voice call function within Telegram Channel and Telegram Group. I believe it can be utilized almost like a podcast. They will later this spring release what they called "TV Station".

"Telegram changed the way people communicate in several aspects – encryption, functionality, simplicity, design, speed. This journey has just started. There’s much more we can – and will – bring to the world."

5. Double Bottom Line

Telegram needs to find an innovative way to keep doing what they doing aligning with their core values while making sure they can be financially sustainable.

"In order to make points 1 and 2 possible, Telegram will begin to generate revenue, starting next year. All the features that are currently free will stay free. We will add some new features for business teams or power users. All parts of Telegram devoted to messaging will remain ad-free. We think that displaying ads in private 1-to-1 chats or group chats is a bad idea. Communication between people should be free of advertising of any sort. If Telegram starts earning money, the community should also benefit. For example, If we monetize large public one-to-many channels via the Ad Platform, the owners of these channels will receive free traffic in proportion to their size. Or, if Telegram introduces premium stickers with additional expressive features, the artists who make stickers of this new type will also get a part of the profit. We want millions of Telegram-based creators and small businesses to thrive, enriching the experience of all our users."

Lattest Update from Telegram

"Telegram has raised over $1 billion by selling bonds (a form of debt) to some of the largest and most knowledgeable investors from all over the world. This will enable Telegram to continue growing globally while sticking to its values and remaining independent. As I said when launching Telegram almost 8 years ago, the end goal for Telegram is to become a financially sustainable project that can serve humanity for decades (or centuries) to come."
Read more about above quotes at https://t.me/durov/142 !